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July - August 2009

Is the Slovak Social State afraid of the renewal of domestic production?
Croatia waiting for raising Slovenian blockade
Which Member States of the EU support Croatia in this conflict?
What can Croatia offer the European Union? I mean apart from the sea?
Czorsztyn Castle
Cassette Bombs
Disinfectant and a so-called Insurance
Podujevo and its tragedy
Neglected Pristina
Occupied Country
UN and EU Protectorate
Kosovo Guantanamo
Will Brussels cover up American Policy?
Supported Kosovo Albanians
Model for Central Europe
Enquire about Information
Pioneer of Compost-Machines
Mjölby and Its Separated Waste
They pay just for 20% of waste
JK 5100 and its Jorakompost
Almost 1000 machines already sold
Manual Composters
An exclusive importer and seller for Slovakia, Hungary and Poland
TEKO invests in the price of heat
Obama‘s False Financial Reform
Gordana Turuk´s Crystal Clear World

Is the Slovak Social State afraid of the renewal of domestic production?
 Dear Slovak Government, dear economic ministers when will you start dealing with the issue of revival of domestic production and consumption? When will you begin telling the truth about the direction, well, to be more precise, where are small and medium businesses and the Slovak economy tumbling to? You are trying to save large international investments and time and again, giving advantage to a few foreign investors being convinced that you will save the national budget, collecting VAT, taxes and social and health insurance. Mr Jahnátek, a minister, observes carefully analyses of other governments´ measures and watches the development of crisis in other states and he plans prognosis of the further development in Slovakia according to them. We all have to understand that Slovakia is a small and very open economy which depends on export to other countries in Western Europe and to the American market and the situation will not get better in Slovakia unless those markets go up. Well, in other words, as West is waiting for production orders from the USA, where just one culprit (or a fall guy) has been sentenced for financial pyramid fraud (not for the financial crisis in the banking sector), Slovakia has to wait for orders from West as well. As no orders are coming because west global firms prefer much cheaper China and India to Slovakia and Central Europe, many bread-winners for Slovak families, small and medium businessmen have to wait, too. However, what do they have to wait for when most of them bear much responsibility and want to work and run a business?
 Meanwhile, the Slovak Government is attempting to get over the crisis by saving money from public costs, salaries and bonuses in the Civil Service. There is no point evaluating this pretty weak tool if we take the whole background into consideration. The entire Civil Service, regional and local self-governments and their clerks live from the money paid by bearers of tax liability. And income taxes also go to the state treasury. However, the thing is that the amount of income from taxes does contain the amount of tax revenue that the state is paid by the firms and entrepreneurs or their employees. So, it is all at sixes and sevens - the state puts pressure on cost savings and wages in the state and civil sectors but -remember -that they do not make people redundant. Instead of personnel audit and releasing needless people hidden in offices and at various posts, they put pressure on entrepreneurs to increase the minimum and average wages. In other words, therefore, they also push on the growth of salaries for state and civil servants.
 Let´s have a closer look at the leaders of the Slovak Government and constitutional officials in the parliament, imagine how much the cost. The biggest part paid by tax payers goes to them. How many of them have ever experienced greenfield investments, prolonging maturity of invoices, how many of them have ever created values, employed people and formed new sources of income for the national budget?
 I fully respect Mr Fico, who is an expert and feels confident in legal matters, but he might not understand all economic issues as much as his ministers Jahnátek, Počiatek and Becík are supposed to. The present government, whose agenda involves the items like building a social state, is a collective body that makes decisions on everything as such. Hence, they can judge the issue of reviving domestic production and consumption in cities and in the country and pass resolutions calling for more significant motivating stimuli for smaller and medium entrepreneurs and farmers. They can initiate the public and scientific discussions about what is the greatest contribution to the national budget.
 Who will save Slovakia? Five or six big exporters and their few nepotistic sub-suppliers using cheap labour force and frightened employees or many small and medium producers, family firms and farms?  Is it really better to pay high unemployment compensation or support employment within domestic production? Is it really more beneficial to import goods and services or eliminate their import by supporting production in Slovakia which could increase the employment rate, the amount of tax revenue and social and health insurance and give the contents of the education reform go? Or how can Slovakia renew its energetic and food self- sufficiency? China, which is quite popular among the members of Robert Fico´s government, invested billions Euros in the renewal and development of domestic production at the time of the global crisis. Therefore, their GDP grew by 8 % in the second half of the year 2009.
 So far, the Slovak opposition have just come up with proposals having no significant influence in terms of the level of equal tax and social and health care insurance. It also proves that their members are good at theory, however, without much experience and previous practice in the fields of production and enterprising. What would be the reduction of taxes for when we do not have anyone to produce for? It is disappointing that the Slovak public has no idea what will happen and we cannot avoid it. Slovaks are passively awaiting a kind of redemption in the USA and West and for its wave that will hit Slovakia as well. And just this senseless waiting will lead Slovakia to crash- down. Well, we have already put one foot in the door. And if we have to take new and very expensive loans from the MMF and the World Bank just to pay pensions and unemployment compensations, to pay wages in civil and state sectors, to cover up the deficit in health care and budgets of cities and municipalities, we will be in the same situation as Latvia or Hungary. Mr Mečiar refused to hear that other 150,000 people will have been made redundant by the end of the year 2009. Unfortunately, he was not courageous enough, either. He did not show the Slovak nation his support by offering new work programmes to this government. And apart from the increasing number of unemployed people, there is a growing number of entrepreneurs who have been forced to stay at home. They preferred to close down their firms and make people redundant because they refused to take various loans just to pay for social and health insurance and taxes and be left waiting for new orders and be full of worries that they will never manage to pay their debts.                
 Róbert Matejovič,
editor in chief
 Personality (page 4 )
 Croatia waiting for raising Slovenian blockade
 Róbert Matejovič
 Photo: the editors´ archive and the archive of the Ministry of the Foreign Affairs of the Croatian Republic
 After Tonin Picula and Kolinda Grabar- Kitarović, who is now a Croatian ambassador in the USA, 42-year old Gordan Jandrokovič is the third youngest Minister of the Foreign Affairs in the history of Croatian diplomacy. When he was 25, he became the member of the Croatian Democratic Union (in Croatian: Hrvatska demokratska zajednica, HDZ) . He graduated from two universities; he is a civil engineer and Dip. Politologist. He has been the minister since January 2008. Before that, he was the member of the Croatian parliament and the chairman of the Committee for the Foreign Policy. However, he began his professional career in a private building company (for five years), later he held the posts of a manager and a CEO in two companies. His greatest success is the integration of Croatia on North Atlantic Alliance.
 Mr Jandrokovič, the main goal of Croatian diplomacy is now to reopen the integration negotiations with Brussels which blocked Slovenia due to Croatian- Slovenian border conflict in the Piran Bay. How can this conflict be solved?
 The statement of the Croatian Republic has been known as following: it is the best to resolve this matter through the International Court of Justice applying the international law, i.e. by the way the states resolve the international matter between each other. Mr Sanader and Janša, two former prime ministers of Croatia and Slovenia, agreed on such solution of the conflict in 2007. And Mr Rehn, a plenipotentiary of the European Commission Responsible for Enlargement, proposed it to both sides as a final compromise on April 23, 2009. Croatia officially accepted it; however, Slovenia refused it and required its further adjustment by amendments which would, actually, have changed the basic principle of the whole proposal.
 What is the present position of Croatia in this matter? What is your country doing to overcome Slovenian blockade?
 In order to put a stop to Slovenian comments which are allegedly connected with alleged documents Croatia used during the negotiations and which, in Slovenian opinion, determine to set up the border between these two states. Immediately after Slovenia refusal, Croatia submitted two other proposals. The first says about the fact that the two sides make a common statement by which they commit themselves that no document determining the border had been signed after disintegration from former Yugoslavia (25.11. 1991) and creation independent Croatia and Slovenia. The second one proposes that the legal services of the European Commission and European Council expressed their opinions on the documents Croatia submitted during negotiations and which deal with the border. The main goal of these proposals are to eliminate reasons why Slovenian side blocked the negotiations. However, Slovenia has not made a statement concerning these proposals so far.
 Which Member States of the EU support Croatia in this conflict?
 In spite of Slovenia incompliance, the EU is not interested in ending integration negotiations with Croatia which have been moved significantly forward. We think that it will be possible to find a solution that would help eliminate Slovenian blockade. However, Croatia will not stop cooperating and seeking for solution that will resolve the matter. Nevertheless, this solution must be in accordance with the principles on which the European Union is based- on the rule of law. No Member State of the EU should have any objections to such an approach.
 What will Croatia do if Slovenia does not stop the blockade? Will it organize a blockade of Slovenian products and investments in Croatia?
 Croatia does not plan to take such measures in form of economic sanctions. On the contrary, we believe that such measures are not necessary, we find them harmful and we would rather not take them into consideration.
 How do you comment the readiness of Croatia for the integration in the European Union?
 According to the roadmap of the European Commission, the year 2009 was supposed to be the final year of technical part of negotiations and time to close all chapters left. Unfortunately, current statistics (22 open and 7 closed chapters) do not reflect the real success of Croatia within the integration process. The reason for slowing down the whole process is well?-?known. The decision of the Slovenian government blocks 9 chapters prepared to be opened and 4 chapters ready to be closed in the negotiations. Just to remind you, during the Czech presidency, three intergovernmental conferences on integration were postponed. The last one was scheduled on 26 June 2009.
 Croatia insists on its statement that the final solution of this bilateral border conflict has to be resolved in accordance with the international law. After all, it is one of the pillars of the European Union. The issue of border conflict should be soon separated from the integration process so that it did not threaten a great attempt and progress which has been achieved since October 2005 when we started the integration process with the European Union.
 The Czech Presidency in its conclusion said that the lack of progress in integration negotiations does not reflect real progress that Croatia had achieved in practice. Meanwhile, Croatia continues in carrying out reforms and duties set and does not give up the hope to approach to the final phase of integration negotiations with the European Union by the end of this year.
 What can Croatia offer the European Union? I mean apart from the sea?
 From the point of view of market perspective, Croatia is important for the European Union due to the enlargement of the united European market, spreading the most successful European project farther to the south- east of Europe. Integration of the Croatian market in the EU would mean another step forward in this integration. From the ideological point of view, Croatian membership in the EU of a great importance as it is a result of efficient reforms and adjustments to the European standards might be a model for other countries of the south- east Europe. This added values is not negligible at all because the European Union needs stable south east Europe. Just the perspective of the integration in the European Union presents a very important element of their further stabilization, in reforms and in setting goals and directions leading to their future development.
 Let´s take unspoilt Croatian nature and unpolluted soil, water and air into consideration. This is the potential of Croatia- organic agricultural production- so important for Europe. Its citizens are becoming more and more interested in healthy organic food. Of course, I must point out the importance of tourism, you are talking about. Besides the clean sea and more than 1000 islands or other natural beauties, we have a great potential in country and medical tourism. Croatia also offers a lot of facilities to relax in an active way. For European citizens it can be an oasis of peace and quiet and unspoilt nature easily accessible and available mainly during the global crisis when people are not so interested in faraway and expensive tourist destinations.
 Do you think that the problems with the ratification of the Lisbon Treaty, which is so necessary for reforms of the institutions of the EU and the process of enlargement, might possibly block the integration of Croatia in the EU?
 We hope the ratification of the Lisbon Treaty will continue as soon as possible and until we become the members as it would be much easier to solve the problems the citizens of the EU have and worry about. It is predominantly about the strengthening effectiveness of decision- making process of the present EU consisiting of 25 members and about the development of future policies in the fields of energetics, environment, immigrants, prosperity and safety.
 Crotia believes that the institutional reforms and the process of enlargement of the EU are two parallel processes.
 We are convinced that the negotiations about the Lisbon Treaty that are still being led, will have no negative influence on its enlargement. Actually, it is true that last year after negative results of referendum in Ireland, some member states did not show much support in further enlargement of the EU before the ratification of the Treaty, or before the problem of open institutional issues. However, majority of Member States understand why it is so important to continue in enlarging policy. The European Union knows that it is an idol for the entire world, especially due to its high standards and success based mainly on the process of enlargement being accompanied by the process of further and deeper integraton.
 Thus a lot of Member States still emphasise the importance of further enlargement of the EU and Croatia to become its 28th member state regardless the Lisbon Treaty is ratified or not. I mean the states who became the members of the EU not a long time ago. Just keep in mind that it is always worth finishing successful project.
 Let´s move to Balkan. Why did Croatia recognize the declaration of independence of Kosovo? Do you know that the EU is not unanimous in this issue? Croatia is the member of the United Nations. The UN Resolution 1244 (1999) reads that Kosovo and Metohija are the integral parts of Serbia…Why did Croatia break this resolution?
 The Croatian Republic accepted the political reality and in coordination with other European partners and the countries of the region and recognized the Kosovo Republic on March 19, 2008. We reached that decision as soon as it was obvious that negotiations of Serbia and Kosovo Albanians had not been able to find a solution mutually acceptable. Postponing search for permanent solution of the status of Kosovo was unacceptable in terms of stability of the whole region at the time. The Croatian Republic understands the recognition of the independence of Kosovo as a contribution to the permanent stability of the whole region.
 I believe that the task of the EU in Kosovo is very important mainly in the field of guarantee human rights and freedoms which include the protection of minorities and ethnical groups. Thus Croatia confirmed its readiness for the development good relationships with Kosovo when we opened an embassy in Pristina in October 2008. I consider it important to point out that the act of recognition of the independence of Kosovo was not against the interests of the Serbian Republic. We are also developing good bilateral relationships with Serbia.
 Do you think that the membership of Albania in NATO is all right? Tirana has been facing a lot of criticism for weak progress in the fields of corruption, organized crimes, family clans or in the field of building democracy…
 I consider it as a correct resolution that proves the international orientation of the international community so that all counties of the region were involved in the Euro- Atlantic integration. It is an exact contribution to permanent stability and prosperity of the entire region.
 There are so many opened issues between Croatia and Serbia: the border on the river Danube, the properties of Serbian enterprises in Croatia and Croatians in Serbia, Serbian refugees and their return… How do you comment present solutions to these issues?
 Our relations are very important to both of countries as well as for the whole region in the south-east Europe. The stability of relationships between our two states influences the whole region. That is why we are responsible in approaching towards constructive relationships with Serbia. We would like our relationships to enter new, constructive phase where we will focus on the issues important to the future. Other issues rooting in the recent past will be solved at the professional level and without getting political issues involved.
 In terms of the border on the river Danube we are ready to resolve this issue in accordance with the international law. The Croatian Government approaches the issue of refugees´ return in a serious way. We pursue to create presumption for all refugees to return- Serbians in Croatia as well as Croatians in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in Serbia or in Vojvodina where the largest number of Croatians ran away during the war. The issue of return of refugees from Serbia to Croatia is being resolved by the government and its coalitional partners, political representatives of Serbs in Croatia. There is no political obstacle which would prevent them from coming back. The issue of the properties of Serbian enterprises in Croatia and Croatians in Serbia have been discussed recently by two vice presidents. Mr Polančec represented the Croatian side and Mr Dinkić represented Serbian side. I am convinced that we will soon reach a solution acceptable for both parts.
 How do you evaluate the current relationships between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia? When will the issue of definite border between these countries be solved?
  Croatia pursues the development of relathionship with Bosnia and Herzegovina as it is our neighbouring state. We share not only a 1001-kilometre- long border and common history but also it is a state where Croatian nation lives as one of three constitutional nations. It means that Croatia helps Bosnia and Herzegovina on its way to the Euro- Atlantic structures and gives them our positive experience. There are some issue still open in our relationships which are consequences of the disintegration of the former common state. Although there are state borders set including borders in the sea and they are currently applicable (as well as the Agreement on the State Border signed in July 1999), we are still searching for an accordance in our opinions to set up the borders in a few points that have been left. I am convinced that two state committees for the border that will start up their negotiations soon, will find mutually acceptable solution.
 Has Croatia begun  constructing the bridge to connect Croatian land with an peninsula Pelješac  in order to avoid possible border conflict with Bosnia and Herzegovina which owns a 15- kilometre long area dividing the peninsula and Dubrovnik from Croatia? When will the construction be completed?
 Croatia has already started erection of this bridge. Its progress depends on many factors as it is very demanding and expensive project which will connect the Croatian territory.
 Does Croatia support the proposal of Dragan  Čović, a leader of the Croatian Democratic Union in Bosnia and Herzegovina, to create three federal units and district of Sarajevo? According to this proposal, Croatians would get its own federal unit. Do you you agree with it?
 We consider it as necesary so that legitimate representatives of three constitutional nations have reached an agreement on a new structure of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Croatia will accept any agreement respecting the equal rights of all three constitutional nations and the Euro- Atlantic peerpective of the country. Otherwise, it would be unlikely to reach a sustainable resolution.
 We  pursue the opinion that the position of Croatians in Bosnia and Herzegovina must be equal with two other nations. It is important to all of us and it is essantial to reach concesus. All of three nations should support any of them because Bosnia and Herzegovina cannot be stable and sustainable in case one of the nations is not satisfied and requires to respect its equality. These are the basic principles of democracy.
 In June 2009, your ministry sent a note of protest against passing the Law on Protection of Domestic Production to the Embassy of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Zagreb. Why?
 Implementation of such a law is against the Agreement on Stabilization and Affiliation, against the rules of EFTA a.s. and against the negotiations with Bosnia and Herzegovina about its integration in the World Trade Organization. Let me remind you that Croatia helps Bosnia and Herzegovina giving their positive experience and knowledge about the process Agreement on Stabilization and Affiliation and it is connected with particular help in agriculture. Bosnia and Herzegovina will have full rsponsibility for duties that will grow bigger and bigger during the realization of the Agreement on Stabilization and Affiliation. We are ready to continue helping producers from Bosnia and Herzegovina so that they managed to meet criteria this process requires. However, they have to do the greatest deal of work themselves. That is why we accepted the current measure taken by the Constitutionsl Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina which stopped the implementation of the law and we expect it to be definitely canceled.
 Photoreport (page 10)
 Czorsztyn Castle
 If you are wondering what the nature looks like around the original border between the Hungarian Kingdom and Poland, or between the former War Slovak State (1939- 1945) and Poland from the Polish part of Pieniny National Park, you should visit Czorsztyn Castle situated near the village of Czorsztyn in Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Nowy Targ County, Poland. Only ruins (They have been reconstructed recently) remained from the Polish castle Czorsztyn placed on Zámocký Hill (589 m) on the left bank of the Dunajec River, the cleanest river in Central Europe, right at the water-dam Jezioro Czorsztyńskie which covers 10 km2. It is also the border of Pieniny National Park in Poland.
    The castle was built at the times of Tatar invasion in the early 13th century. In 1241, Boleslaw V the Shy (1226- 1279) hid there together with his wife Kinga, the daughter of Béla IV, from the House of Arpad. The castle used to be a seat of many Polish mayors and was used as a border fortress and a counter-balance against the Hungarian castle Niedzice. Many kings visited it- in 1370, Louis the Great, Hungarian and later Polish King, stopped there on his way from Krakow and in 1384, his daughter Jadwiga became the Queen of Poland after her father´s death. The Roman Catholic Church worshipped her as Saint Jadwiga. It is a patroness of queens and united Europe.
 The castle was often a centre of many battles, uprisings and rebellions. In 1598, it was conquered by O. Laski, in 1651 by the farmers´ uprising leaded by Stanislav Kostka, and in 1768 by members of Bavarian confederation who came to northern Slovakia after they were defeated in Poland.  In 1790, the castle was struck by the lightning and burnt. It has been in ruins since then and has been partially reconstructed. Its upper part offers a wonderful view on the surrounding nature, lake and holiday resorts in the area. You can enjoy the scenery from the boat, or you can borrow small boats with rows, water bicycles or yachts with a captain.  
 Report (page 12)
 Making Kosovo European
 Róbert Matejovič
 Photo: the author and the archive
 I am in Merdar at the administration border between Serbia and the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metochija. I am searching for houses and any traces of life, I am looking for Serbs, Montenegrins, the Romany people and Albanians as I could ask them about their life in a five- kilometre- long safety zone which has been building a political and military barrier between Serbia and a fifteen per cent of its sovereign territory for ten years. It is just a few kilometres along the curved, hilly road of a poor quality from Kuršumlija to Merdar. However, I cannot see any houses, not a single soul or animal, the only thing I could see were wide fields and meadows surrounded by woods. I had driven 952 kilometres from Košice before I stopped my car so that Serbian policemen and customs officers could control me.
 My notes read that between 110 and 120 people were still supposed to live in that poor village, people farming the fields in the security zone.   Nevertheless, no one lives there any more and the Serbs, who used to live there two or three years ago, went away after the unilateral declaration of so-called the Kosovo Republic as “a new border” has split their fields and meadows.
 Cassette Bombs
 In 1912, Serbs defeated the Turkish Army in Merdar and renewed their sovereignty from the Ottoman Empire. Ten years ago, on April 10, 1999, the youngest victim of illegal bombing of the former Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) died there. The territory was bombed by the NATO aircrafts; however, they did not have the approval of the UN Security Council. At the time one cassette bomb hit Božin Tošovič´s house. His pregnant and wounded wife was just helplessly watching her husband who was holding their eleven- month- old daughter Bojana, suddenly concrete ceiling with metal sheets crashed down and they were slowly dying underneath it…
 According to the Norwegian organization People’s Aid that is also supported by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, there are still many unexploded cassette bombs in the south of Serbia. They threaten lives of approximately 150,000 citizens. The bombs are waiting for their victims hidden in the depth of between 50 and 70 centimetres. So far, 20 civilians have been killed or seriously injured. Bombs are dangerous mainly for farmers and that is the key reason why they are leaving the area that used to be inhabited. Serbia needs approximately 30 million Euros in order to find and destruct them. However, nobody knows when the Serbian Government will manage to find money for their liquidation or whether they expect the money from the NATO, the USA or the European Union…
 Disinfectant and a so-called Insurance
 “Robert, are you ours or Montenegrin?” a kind-hearted Serbian policeman joked. He controlled my passport and my car documents in his office cabin. I overtook a few cars and lorries so that I could move ahead on the hill from the convoy which was stopped by the signpost “STOP”. If I had not done that, I would have been standing there for a pretty long time. I cannot see any Serbian soldiers. “I am a journalist with Balkan roots. Where am I? On the Serbian- Serbian border?” I answer him in a cunning voice. He smiles and says after a while: “All right, you can go. Just write what you see.”
 I move slowly further. A long convoy of cars is waiting on the other side to “enter “Serbia. Well, I noticed a young driver of an old car changing a Kosovo signpost for the Serbian one… When am I going? “I ask myself. I have driven approximately 100 metres and had to stop again. Ah, a sign saying the Kosovo Republic gave me a welcome. I could see a border crossing with office cabins, the police of Kosovo and with armed KFOR soldiers. However, I am still in Merdar. There are Slovak and Czech soldiers operating in this territory. There are flags of so-called Kosovo Republic and the European Union hanging on the roof construction. But I am not allowed to take any picture. A young man shouts at me in Albanian language and shows me to move away and go back. I do not understand him. I ask him in English but I dare not ask him in Serbian. He told me to go to the ramp so that he could spray my car with a disinfectant solution…
 I refuse as I have already experienced such a “hygienic comedy” on the Serbian and Bulgarian border for which I had to pay Bulgarians 5 Euros. Who cared that there was so dirt, mud and litter around. Likely there is the similar situation at that border crossing having been built by the UN Mission in Kosovo in February 2001.
 The young Albania man, I suppose he works for the costumes office, shouts at me and told me to go out of the queue and go to the counter to customs officers. An Albanian customs officer told me to show my vehicle identification card and pay 120 Euro for so-called motor vehicle insurance. I do not understand, well, I have a valid green card. However, I learn that it is not valid in the Kosovo Republic and that I have to pay otherwise they will not let me go. “Why 120 Euro? “ I ask. “Because you have a large motor vehicle- lorry,” she replies. When I am trying to explain to her that Chrysler Grand Voyager is not a lorry, she claims that it is. Finally, he colleague puts a stop to our argument and orders me to open the car. Then, he counts the number of sets and says: “You will pay 50 Euro and you are allowed to go.” So thus, I invested first Euros in the “state” through so- called motor vehicle insurance valid just for 14 days anyway…
 Podujevo and its tragedy
 At last, I met Colonel Dušan Janura, the most experienced Slovak policeman who has been serving in the police missions of the EU for the longest time (out of Slovak policemen). He has been in Kosovo since April 2008. He waited for me at the temporary car park just behind the border crossing which is 37 kilometres far from Pristina. We greet each other and continue in our journey. We are going to the west, to Metochija. We are going to drive for the next hour hours to get to the town of Pejë where he works as a regional commander of the EULEX mission. We have plenty of time to think and search for answers to many questions whirling in our heads when you see the people of pokrajina and the quality of their lives.
 Having driven five kilometres, we get into Podujevo, the first town (approximately 35,000 inhabitants) behind Merdar. Most of people are Albanian in Podujevo. Unmown meadows, lacking pavements or crash barriers or street lighting... American, Albanian and Kosovo flags are hanging on many buildings, scuncheoned new or old houses and petrol stations. Bilingual names of the town- first written in Albanian then in Serbian. I feel as if I have stepped twenty or thirty years back. Poverty and mess. These are my first impressions of the town where fights between the Kosovo Liberation Army, which had been considered to be terroristic and later it was approved by Americans and armed in Albania, and Serbian and Montenegrin troops took place in the years 1998 and 1999. Finally, Albanian separatists were defeated.
 This town used to be a famous place for trading cattle, now it is well- known for the tragic events. During the bomb attack on Yugoslavia, Serbian paramilitary forces massacred 14 Albanian women and children on March 28, 1999. In 2001, when the town was under the administration of UNMIK, 12 Serbian pilgrims travelling by bus to Grančanica were killed by the Albanian bomb attack. In March 2004, when UNMIK and KFOR (mainly Czech and Slovak battalion) did not manage Albanian pogrom against Serbian minority and the Serbian Orthodox Church of St. Apostle Andrew  was burnt and plundered. At the time, the expulsions of non- Albanian citizens from the province culminated. Neither KFOR nor UN Mission stopped that. The largest number of Serbians left the province (200,000), a part of them settled down in the north of Kosovo, the others went to Serbia. So far, only 5,000 Kosovo Serbs have returned to “pokrajina”.
 Neglected Pristina     
  We are just behind Pristina. Its main street reminded me of Slovak flea markets and the atmosphere in Kiev in the early 1990s-neglected infrastructure, various dealers selling digital watches, foods, mobiles and popcorn. Nothing impressed in Pristina, the capital of pokrajina and the Kosovo Republic, apart from construction of new dwellings, shops and hotels. I was glad that we, Dušan Janura and me, sat back into the care and continued in our journey. Well, we travelled along the motorway for while, however, it has not been completed as someone has stolen Euros donated for its construction. We had to puddle among holes along a few kilometre- long road with soil and bed rock   under construction.
 Sitting in the car, I began thinking about Kosovo again. From the 19th century to the year 1945 when communists nationalized possessions (predominately lands) of Serbian Orthodox Church, Kosovo used to be called Old Serbia. From the 12th century to the Battle of Kosovo (at Kosovo Field) with Turks in 1389, it was the centre of Serbian Kingdom and education.
 Occupied Country
 The present territories of Kosovo and Metochija with over two million inhabitants, which is smaller that the region of East Slovakia (10 887 km2), still occupied and divided into five military zones- German, Italian, French, British and American. They are controlled by the NATO armies named as KFOR (Kosovo Force). They are commanded by Germans, Italians, French, British and Americans. There are 13,829 soldiers; most of them are Germans (2350), then Italians (1935), Americans (1483) and French (1368). The Slovak contingent consists of 141 soldiers; the Czech one has 411 soldiers. The Serbian Army, whose entrance was required by the Serbian Orthodox Church to protect its properties and Serbian enclaves, can enter the province just with the approval of the Commander of KFOR. However, it has not happened yet. It was written in the Kumanovo Treaty (Military Technical Agreement between the military forces of KFOR and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia which finished bombing of former Yugoslavia and presence of Serbian Army in “pokrajina”. Instead of cooperation with the Serbian Army, KFOR and NATO (to be more precise Americans) support formation of the light-armed Kosovo Army which changed its name to the Security Agency (approximately 2,500 men) which is the main reason for Serbian requirements (unheard) for revision the Kumanovo Treaty signed between NATO and Belgrade.
 UN and EU Protectorate
 From the political point of view, Kosovo and Metochija are still under the international and administration protectorate of the UN. Since February 18, 2008 when the Kosovo Parliament consisting of 120 people declared unilaterally so-called Kosovo Republic (Serbian MPs did not take part in the assembly of the parliament, it has been under the protectorate of the EU. Despite the United Nation Security Council Resolution 1244 (1999) guarantees territorial integrity of Serbia together with Kosovo and Metochija and return of Serbian state bodies to this province, 62 Member States of the UN (out of 192) recognized the independence of the Kosovo Republic. However, the logical question appears whether this declaration was in accordance with the international law. The International Court Yard in Haag will investigate legitimacy of this declaration in December 2009. Surely, it will be interesting to observe how the main argument of political leaders of Kosovo Albanians will end up as they will be defended by a British specialist. According to them, this unilateral declaration was the only solution and answer to the “long- termed Serbian state terror” against Albanian minority. Was it really like that? Would it have been enough if the Albanian minority had accepted wide political, economic and cultural autonomy within Serbia? Or more precisely, why did they refuse that kind of autonomy?
 Kosovo Guantanamo
 The White House can give us the answer to this question providing they are willing to tell the truth about this issue and speak frankly. Camp Bondsteel, a big military base which has been built for ten years proves that neither B. Clinton nor G. Bush were interested in renewal of the autonomous “ pokrajina” under Serbian jurisdiction. They followed completely different goals. The military base mentioned above is called Kosovo Guantanamo and spreads in the east part of Kosovo near the town of Uroševac (in Albanian Ferizaj) in the area of 4 km2.  Americans began construction without the approval of the UN, EU or Belgrade soon after air raids when they first had destroyed suburbs of the town Uroševac. According to the information available, although very vague, there are more than 300 various building constructed in this rocket and air base with its own power plant. The number of soldiers, servicing people and members of security units is highly confidential information. Officially, Camp Bondsteel is the main military base of the USA in Kosovo commanded by KFOR as well as the seat of NATO command for KFOR’s Multinational Task Force East - MNTF-E.
 Will Brussels cover up American Policy? 
 Everyone who knows American foreign policy in Balkan and against Russia clearly knows that Americans misused the conflict between Albanians and Serbs in Kosovo and Metochija to strengthen their positions in the province, or in “the puppet republic”, in which Americans can control and watch the security of investments and business of American oil companies in the regions of the Caspian Sea and the Middle East. How long are Americans going to stay in Kosovo? No one has ever asked Washington officially. Neither Brussels wants to answer this question which is supporting the development of so-called Kosovo Republic and continuously began with its integration in the EU what is against the Resolution 1244. Does Brussels have a mandate for it from the citizens of the Union and the UN? No, it does not. Why do the Member States that recognized the independent Kosovo Republic as members of the UN, do not respect the UN Resolution and disintegrate the territorial integrity of Serbia? Does it mean that the States have changed their opinion on the UN and that we live in the era when this organization failed a warrant of the international security?
 Supported Kosovo Albanians
 The European Union invests taxpayer money of the member states in the poor and underdeveloped agricultural country with no industry, which depends on customs and customs fees (70 %), foreign contributions of Albanian communities, various donators, private and public funds from the USA and the EU (30%). Generally said, citizens earn for living by farming the land and keeping cattle, which can be seen anywhere, in the country as well as in the suburbs of the cities. When Kosovo and Metochija were the parts of Tito´s Yugoslavia, every citizen of this state contributed to its economic development by a day- wage from the monthly salary. This kind of solidarity was also shown to Albanian community. However, despite being independent and under the control of the UN and the EU now, it is not able to establish and administrate institutions, local and regional self- government, economy, school system, culture and heath care, tax system, social and employment policies. The Kosovo flag consists of six white flags symbolizing the most important nations and multi-ethnic republic. Institutions in Pristina, mainly the government (17 members including two ethnic Serbs) have problem to guarantee civil and human rights and safety for non –Albanian communities. According to the Kosovo Constitution written by Ahtisaari´s specialists, apart from  Kosovo Albanians, other nations such as Kosovo Serbs (130,000), Turks (Islamic Sunnites in the south- 20,000), Gorans (Slavonic Muslim similar to Macedonians from cultural point of view (16,000), Bosnians (15,000) and Romany people (120,000) have their star in the flag. Egyptians and Ashkalis live there as well. Their living standard is much worse than the living standard of supported Kosovo Albanians. Official languages in the Kosovo Republic are Albanian, Serbian; the currency is Euro, in northern part Serbian dinar, too.
 Successful (page 26)
 Model for Central Europe
 Róbert Matejovič
 Photo: the author, the archive
 Organically decomposable waste includes waste coming from gardens, kitchens and food leftovers which are able to produce methane. It is a greenhouse gas that is efficient twenty five times more than carbon oxide and thus contributes to changes in our atmosphere. Organically decomposable waste presents almost 40 -50 % of communal waste placed in dumps. Why am I writing about it? Since July 16, 2009, the member states of the European Union have been obliged to decrease the amounts of waste placed in dumps by 50 per cent compared to the year 1995! Slovakia and twelve other countries of the EU (Bulgaria, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Greece, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Portugal, Romania and the UK) that store their waste mainly on the communal waste dumps received a four- year exception. According to it, they have to cut down on the waste amount by 25% and thus achieve the goal set by the year 2013.
 Enquire about Information
 And now the questions: Has anyone ever informed you, dear citizens, gardeners and farmers, owners of hotels, restaurants, schools, about this goal and the way of meeting it? Don´t you really know who is supposed to do so? For example, state bodies, representatives of the self- governing regions, cities and municipalities, companies dealing with waste disposal and dump operators. You have no idea how much money you could save not paying fees for disposal, placement and liquidation of organically decomposable waste? How? I offer you the way and the model I have recently known and admired in Sweden, in the country which is the ecological and recycling idol for many Europeans. Should you like this idea, just begin asking authorities to help you.
 Pioneer of Compost-Machines
 Willem van der Weide, who lives and runs his business in Slovakia in the field of the ecological farming (See Dimenzie no. 1/ 2008), and I visited Mjölby, a town with twelve thousand inhabitants in the south-east of Sweden, approximately 140 kilometers from Stockholm. For several years, its citizens have been successful in separating communal waste and making ecological and nutritious compost containing very low volume of heavy metals deeply below the allowed legal standards.
 Thanks to Johann Raivia, a Finnish inventor, and Joraform AB, the local firm which has been dealing with the development, production and distribution of compost- machines for recycling domestic and organically decomposable waste since 1990, the first machine of that kind was produced in 1993.
 Mjölby and Its Separated Waste
 We are in the housing estate. There is a small building reminding me of a little garden shed or a garage in the middle of the car park being surrounded by the blocks of flats. It belongs to the tenant-owner’s association that had it constructed to separate and compost the waste. Each person living in a flat and a building administrator have a chip code for opening the room. I entered the room and saw something I had never seen anywhere before, in no other state or town. And I am not talking about the cleanliness and tidiness and a basin with a towel that impressed me so much. It was a simple and effective system I immediately started to admire. First, I noticed blue plastic collecting containers on the one side. They had been placed there by the company providing their further recycling.
 Each of them had a label with a picture showing suitable contents and a kind of waste. One container is just for newspapers and magazines, the second is for paper bags and other kinds of paper, the third is for paper boxes and cardboards. The fourth container is for colour glass and the fifth is for white glass only, the sixth is for tins, the seventh for bulbs, the eighth for economical fluorescent light bulbs, the ninth for transparent plastic covers, the tenth for any plastic covers and products. I slowly looked at the green containers. I opened their lids and could smell distinct odour of dry mixed waste coming from the plastic bags.
 They pay just for 20% of waste
 And where is organic kitchen waste? I asked aloud. “ Here it is, in the compost- machine,” says Mats Lanshed, the commercial director and the co- owner of the firm Joraform AB and he shows me the machine “ JK 5100”. I learn that the tenant-owner’s association has bought it. Before answering our questions, he explains to us the basic principle of separating the waste in the housing estate. “Our machine processes 50 per cent of communal waste, out of which 30 % are collected in blue plastic containers and 20% in green containers. And citizens pay just for disposal and liquidation of the waste that cannot be recycled.”
 As he told me, the price for this service is a rather “symbolic” price, and the town contributes to it as well. Apart from trainings, this firm supplies citizens with decomposable paper bags for organically decomposable waste. “It is very simple again. There are pictures of food and raw food stuff which can people collect. When they are full, they just come to the “collecting room”, open the lid over the grinder, put the bag in and cover it with the lid. That is all you have to do and the machine will do the rest,“ says Mats Lanshed according to whom Sweden is 10- 15 years ahead compared to Europe in terms of ecological programmes and people´s thinking. I thought about what he had just claimed and I had to confess that he was right, well, at least while comparing Sweden to Central Europe. In Slovakia, the second wave of more detailed communal waste separation and recycling has not even started yet and a few attempts to utilize biomass are still rather symbolic. I had better not even think of Ukraine and East Balkan.
 JK 5100 and its Jorakompost
 The JK 5100 is a part of a new generation of compost-machines, it is fully automatic and processes 700 litres of waste per week. It is possible to have a ready compost product in four weeks in a unique way using two of its chambers.
 The waste is put into the chute and it passes the grinder before entering the first chamber, the process chamber. Rotating the unit draws air in through the air vents, preventing bad smells from occurring, and it also mixes wet and dry matter. One turn of the unit with each new quantity of waste is sufficient to aerate the contents. “For the degradation to be aerobic there has to be a constant flow of oxygen; it is the micro- organisms that use oxygen during the degradation of the waste matter. To balance the nitrogen-rich material, carbon has to be added. The micro- organisms use carbon as a source of energy. The carbon contributes to a lowered loss of nitrogen as ammonia, and it is added via material such as sawdust or wood pellets,” Mats continues.
 About two week later the mixing mechanism passes the material into the next chamber that insulates it from the contamination caused by fresh waste. The process of ripening and drying the compost using second rotor that mixes it is completed in this chamber. Using two separated chambers helped the company Joraform to achieve the best results and become the leader in the European market. “Two weeks later the compost is ready and can be emptied from the machine as the material is now mature. It can be stored or used as nourishing for bushes and plants, for topdressing of the lawn, flower pots or as a soil improver for various plants,” Mats adds.
 Almost 1000 machines already sold
 Joraform is a company with extensive experience in the field of composting domestic waste. They have been cooperating with The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency (Naturv?rdsverket) in composting projects, where several hundreds of households have been participating. The Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (Statens Lantbruksuniversitet) has been doing analyses and cultivation experiments of the resulting compost. “Our clients are primarily tenant?-?owner’s associations, housing firms, building companies, schools and institutional kitchens. So far, Joraform has delivered almost 950 automatic compost machines, in Sweden as well as abroad. We export mainly to Great Britain, Ireland, Norway, Denmark, Portugal, Canada and the Middle East. We are pleased with increasing demand for our products in Central Europe and we are glad that we can cooperate with Mr Willem van der Weide and his company Condit within their distribution in Slovakia, Poland and Hungary. I believe that soon we will also have the first costumers in these states,” Mats Lanshed tells me during my excursion in the production hall and he shows me the first reference machines that were produced for the World Health Organization in India and costumers in Italy and Australia.
 JK 5100 composting machine with working life of 20 years represents the latest developing generation. It has an elegant and simple design, easy to be serviced by disabled costumers as well. It is made of stainless Swedish steel and all its components, including the engine, rotors, plastics and cables, are made in Sweden. Its movable parts are replaceable. Grinding, mixing and aerating operations can be set up and controlled in programmable units that are built in the control and distribution panels above the machine. The machine also includes plastic oxygen inputs and ammonia outputs and the air from the chambers into the ventilation pipes or a chimney. The chambers have small windows for monitoring the whole process from its beginning to the end.
 Manual Composters
 The firm Joraform also produces simple manual composters JK 127 and JK 270 for garden and kitchen waste. They are suitable for gardeners, owners of family houses and small farmers who would like to make their own compost and want to protect the environment. A smaller two- compartment machine JK 127 can be fixed on the wall, the bigger can be placed in the garage or in the yard. The inside part of these composters is insulated by polystyrene which provides hygienic and natural break down of the waste and keeps the temperature in winter months, too. The basic principle of making compost is very easy. First, one compartment is filled. As soon as you put in separated waste, you add carbon (25%) and sawdust (in the amount of 10% compared to the waste put in; it is usually wet), you close the lid and using manual rotation, you move the compartment lower. You do not have to dig a hole and fill it with stones. You continue doing it until the first compartment is full. Rotation enables the compost to supply enough oxygen and release ammonia through the ventilation opening. When the first compartment is full, the compost is ready and you can start filling the other compartment. Using this way, you can make high quality compost in 6- 8 weeks and you will return organic substance and organic soil back to the nature. “Our mission is to develop environmental products that make it easier for you to live with awareness and respect for the natural environment,“ Mats Lanshed emphasized at the end of our meeting.
 Condit, s.r.o.
 An exclusive importer and seller for Slovakia, Hungary and Poland
 Investstory (page 30)
 TEKO invests in the price of heat
 Košická tepláreň, a.s. (TEKO; The National Property Fund of the Slovak Republic is its hundred per cent share holder), the most significant producer of heat energy in the regions of Košice and Prešov, the owner and operator of the heating plant with a combined production of electricity, heat and cold and the administrator of the primary network of the system, of centralized heat supplies in Košice, has started up a wide investment programme of renewal and modernization of the technological equipment. By the year 2011, the company will have wanted to invest 82 million Euros in order to eliminate the emissions of CO2 by one third, to increase the production of the electricity by almost 100 per cent, to make the production of heat more effective and to be used for heating, hot supply water and cold in trigeneration (trigen).
 Survey (page 46)
 Obama‘s False Financial Reform
 The most disturbing thing about Barack Obama‘s call for financial reform was the way in which the president falsified our predicament. He tried to make it sound as though everyone was implicated in the financial breakdown and therefore no one was really to blame. „A culture of irresponsibility took root from Wall Street to Washington to Main Street,“ Obama explained. „And a regulatory system basically crafted in the wake of a 20th century economic crisis--the Great Depression--was overwhelmed by the speed, scope and sophistication of a 21st century global economy.“
 That is not what happened, to put it charitably. Unlike some other presidents, Obama is much too intelligent not to know this. The regulatory system was not overwhelmed by historic forces. It was systematically gutted and dismantled by the government in Washington at the behest of the banking interests. If Obama wants details, he can consult his economic advisors--Summers-Geithner--who participated directly as accomplices in unwinding the prudential rules and regulations. Cheers were led by the Federal Reserve with heavy lifting by both political parties.
 Survey (page 52)
 Charisma and the Imperial Presidency
 Let‘s face it, even Bo is photogenic, charismatic. He‘s a camera hound. And as for Barack, Michelle, Sasha and Malia--keep in mind that we‘re now in a first-name culture--they all glow on screen.  Before a camera, they can do no wrong. And the president himself, well, if you didn‘t watch his speech in Cairo, you should have. The guy‘s impressive. Truly. He can speak to multiple audiences--Arabs, Jews, Muslims, Christians, as well as a staggering range of Americans--and somehow just about everyone comes away hearing something they like, feeling he‘s somehow on their side. And it doesn‘t even feel like pandering. It feels like thoughtfulness. It feels like intelligence.
 For all I know-and the test of this is still a long, treacherous way off - Barack Obama may turn out to be the best pure politician we‘ve seen since at least Ronald Reagan, if not Franklin Delano Roosevelt. He seems to have Roosevelt‘s same unreadable ability to listen and make you believe he‘s with you (no matter what he‘s actually going to do), which is a skill not to be whistled at.
 Art (page 80)
 Gordana Turuk´s Crystal Clear World
 She was born in Mannheim in Germany (1974). First, she studied textile fine art at the College in Zagreb, Croatia and later fashion design at the private Italian school Callegari. She arrived in Slovakia in 1999 where she began to work with glass. Her works include and bridge reality with abstractness, decorations with utility. Her glass reflects the entire world like in the finest mirror. She had been searching for an appropriate material for a few years; she had needed something that would have given her freedom in expressing her own feelings. She was re-born in glass. And each her glass sculpture is being born in the nature again and again. As if it has just been brought by the sea wave or you have found it in the grass.       
 She is not only an extraordinary and creative fine artist but also a great designer. She creates various works always designed to fit the interior while paying attention to individual requirements of each client. The scale of her works is rather wide in terms of architecture and interior design. For example, from coffee tables with metal or wooden legs and dominating top part made of colourful glass to dining tables with a sculpture, decorative bowls, sculptures and pictures. She deals with completing the interior design- corridors, living rooms, bathrooms where you can find glass walls, dividing walls, stair window-panes but also basins, fireplace panelling, columns or handrail panels.

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