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February 2010

Let Ukraine be
They appreciate the work of compatriotic organizations
Who is PhDr. Vilma Prívarová?
Mrs Prívarová, what motivates you most about this job?
Does the Slovak Republic consider Slovaks living abroad as the integral part of the Slovak nation?
What are its priorities and goals? Are you able to meet them? Which areas do you think should be improved?
Television broadcasting for Slovaks living abroad has been discussed for a few years. Where is the problem?
Why is your Office personally under-dimensioned?
What is your mutual cooperation about?
Do you monitor the quality of following the national rights for the Slovak minority?
Which state has the most complicated situation ad the worst conditions for the development of Slovak minority?
What do you think are the trends of development of Slovak communities in West Europe and overseas?
Does your Office support small and medium businesses of Slovak minority, for example in Serbia?
What are the largest projects which have been organized and supported by your Office so far?
What are the priorities of help for the year 2010 and the most significant events?
Diocletian Palace in Split
Who was Diocletian?
The Statue of Grgur Ninsky
A New Heroine in Slovakia
New “Coalition of Hypocrites”
Slovak ski extra league
The Committee of Regions awarded the vision of the Trnava Self- Governing Region
Bridges of Europe - Ponti d´Europa
From canoeing to singing
Ideologist Obama
Fred Barnes (the executive editor of The Weekly Standard)
When will American stop Bin Ládin?
Svätopluk to Castle
Conspiracy of Freemasons?
A character actress and chanson singer

Let Ukraine be
Next year, the second biggest European country will be celebrating the 20th anniversary of the declaration of its state independence from the Soviet Union. Since then, the country has been searching for its new face, national identity and inner peace and quiet; since then, it has faced various streams of influence coming from abroad that have been attempting to pursue their view on the “ Ukrainian matter” in Europe. In spite of having the richest natural sources in Europe, the “land lying on the edge” (the exact translation of its name ´Ukraine´) has been struggling with serious economic crisis; it suffers from poverty, high unemployment rate, corruption and dramatic decrease of population. Over the past ten years, the number of inhabitants has plummeted by more than 7 million people. However, the Ukrainian politicians in their disputes have not ever mentioned exact agendas and measures that will help the citizens to improve their lives, how to bring new job and investment opportunities. People really suffer and try to survive as they can. And we, in Europe, are only interested in things like whether Ukraine will remain neutral, whether it wants to integrate in NATO and the EU or whether as an establishing member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the country should enter the Common customs area of Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Every single politologist and analyst sees only the fact whether Ukraine is divided into pro- western “European” or eastern “Russian”, i.e. “non- European” part. Nevertheless, the crucial moments from the complicated history of Ukraine have already proved that after the disintegration of Kievan Rus, the country had always been split between a few states or empires (Russian, Polish- Lithuanian ones, the Ottoman Empire, the Austro- Hungarian Monarchy, USSR). It is its historical heritage!
We should not be concerned about politics but about people’s everyday lives and a question who is really interested in strong, united and prosperous Ukraine. Western politics, whose the only aim has always been to “separate” Ukraine from Russia both politically and economically, is not successful and possible to be carried out. More than miserable results of the forced Orange Revolution in 2004 clearly prove that. After six years of building parliamentary democracy of a western type, the country is not a stable state anyway. So-called pro- western powers that fight for democracy, integration in the European Union and against Russian influence being helped by Poland, the USA and eastern partnership of the EU, they are unable to start up the economy of the country. Speculative investments from West were buried by the economic crisis due to which Ukraine nearly had gone bankrupt. Pro- western powers have always been fighting in permanent political struggles; they race and boast who is bigger and the only democrat, they have no long- termed conception and unable to reach any agreement as such. Their leaders, organized in “Yulia Tymoshenko´s Bloc” and in Yushchenko´s movement “Our Ukraine” bring the country more bad luck than god luck. They have never won the parliamentary election in Ukraine! And they have always managed to get united so that they could rule and punish the east part of the country.
Yulia Tymoshenko, a gas princess, who made her fortune by trading and importing Russian natural gas to Ukraine, is the greatest disappointment for West and Americans. Much more than “a half- American” Yushchenko. Yulia, born in Dnepropetrovsk and a former active Komsomol girl, has not won a single parliamentary election. During the Orange Revolution that appeared overnight in Lvov (a strong Polish minority) was supported by Viktor Yushchenko who has not submitted any evidence concerning his alleged poisoning by dioxins… However, he appointed Yulia Tymoshenko a Prime Minister first time in January 2005. She ruled for eight months when the president recalled her as she was unable to govern- the economy was stagnating and the whole cabinet fought in the coalitional conflicts. Then, Yushchenko appointed Viktor Yanukovych. However, he did not govern for a long time, either. Although the parliamentary election held in March 2006 was won by the his Party of Regions, his coalition was successfully messed up by Tymoshenko´s opposition on behalf of fighting for “Democratic Ukraine and against oligarchs from the east”. Early parliamentary election in 2007, however, was won by Yanukovych again. Nevertheless, Tymoshenko governed again. Her mixture of small and ideologically different political parties (Yulia Tymoshenko’s Bloc) agreed with another diversified mixture- with Yushchenko´s movement “Our Ukraine” on a very fragile majority in the Ukrainian parliament. West was glad because the Orange Revolution and its chaos could continue. Although the tandem Tymoshenko- Yushchenko was significantly supported by West and various lobbying groups, including counsellors, the country was still suffering from chaos and political and personal conflicts. All in all, this coalition disintegrated in June 2008 when two MPs left and Tymoshenko´s second government definitely fell in October 2008. When it seemed that there would be an early parliamentary election, Tymoshenko managed to renew a coalition again being helped by Volodymyr Lytvyn´s Bloc so as “fathers of revolution remained together”. Well, this government was faced with the same problems as the previous one, moreover, it suffered from Russian- Ukrainian natural gas crisis during which trading interests of Yushchenko and Tymoshenko fell definitely apart. However, they are both responsible for stealing Russian gas and for building gas sources just in west regions of Ukraine. East part of the country was just left to face its destiny. Yushchenko made two other mistakes- he wanted to blockade Russian Fleet from the Black Sea during the conflict between Russia and Georgia and he supported Georgia that had caused the conflict.
At the end of the year 2009, Tymoshenko´s government was falling apart again and Yushchenko threatened with announcing an early parliamentary election. There was also the presidential election on schedule which had been postponed from the end of the year 2009 to January 2010 as Tymoshenko´s government had to face another “phenomenon”- swine influenza and its “so-called” pandemics in Ukraine. She was given the last chance to prove whether she had to stay or just finally leave the top politics. On December4, 2009, during the summit the EU and Ukraine, Mr Barosso issued a report where he presented a critical opinion of the EU on her government. Most of all, Brussels criticized Ukraine mainly for their failure in implementing crucial reforms, inefficient fight with corruption, creating attractive conditions for new investors and lack of progress and development in the process of approaching Ukraine to the integration to the EU.
Since 25 February 2010, Viktor Yanukovych, her fellow from the east part of the country, will be the president. While his campaign was full of getting the whole Ukraine together, getting rid of poverty, corruption and irresponsibility, about building a strong, successful and prosperous state, she spoke about saving democracy in Ukraine, fighting against criminals and about the “European Ukraine”. Her democratic thinking and desire to rule was fully revealed after the second round of the presidential election in which she was not given a chance at her birth place. She did not criticize the results of the first round when Yanukovych beat her by 10 per cent. Although the results of the second round, where he won by 3.5%, were classified as fair by international observers including the EU and presidents of the most powerful state, she did not want to accept it and kept talking about counterfeiting of a half million of votes. But she did not submit any evidence at the court, there is no one to support her in this a kind of strange and just personal game, even Yushchenko left her for good as he admitted having made his biggest mistake and cooperating with Tymoshenko.
Thus, Ukraine has gone through another and very difficult stage of building its state and democracy. We should all let it be as it has a great potential to solve its problems itself. Our help should be rather human and technical, the relationships with Ukraine and Central Europe ought to be developed more in terms of economic and less of political cooperation. Ukraine has its own way. When it decides to go for military neutrality and tighter economic cooperation with the EU, the CIS and Russia, we have to respect it. It is a sovereign country. It has experienced enough of the various imported attempts for various reforms, like Slovakia, now, it needs to relax and take a deep breath. Any pressure on disintegration of Ukraine would strengthen the risk of outbreak of the civil war that neither Slovakia nor vague eastern policy of the European Union want.
Róbert Matejovič,
editor in chief


They appreciate the work of compatriotic organizations
“Slovak communities in Central and South-East Europe have the status of the minority implemented in laws, Slovak communities in west Europe and overseas are without the status of the minority,” says Vilma Prívarová, the chairwoman of the Office for Slovaks Living Abroad.
 
Róbert Matejovič
Photo: Jozef Veselý
 
Who is PhDr. Vilma Prívarová?
She was born in Trnava (1957). She graduated from the Faculty of Arts at Comenius University in Bratislava were she acquired the academic title PhDr. In 1983. After finishing her studies until 1994, she held different posts at the Slovak Academy of Science and at the Slovak Technical University in Bratislava focusing on the scientific and technical information and foreign contacts. Between the years 1994 and 1996, she was the head of the international branch of the Confederation of the Trade Unions. In 2000, she won the tender for the post of the Head of the Secretary of the Plenipotentiary for Foreign Slovaks at the Ministry of Culture of the SR. Since 2002, she began working at the Office of the Slovak Republic holding the post of the head of the Office of the Secretary General for Foreign Slovaks and in 2005; she became the Plenipotentiary for Foreign Slovaks. In 2006, the government of the Slovak republic appointed her the chairwoman of the Office of Slovaks Living Abroad. She is married and speaks English and Russian fluently.
 
Professionally, she has already been dealing with Slovak communities living away from Slovakia for ten years. She has never found Slovak world abroad a strange thing. When she worked at various posts in the field of the international relationships, she met some personalities of the Slovak origin. For example, she directly coordinated the visit of Eugene Cernan, an American astronaut of Slovak origin, who left the last footprint on the Moon, at the Slovak Academy of Science (Slovenská akadémia vied- SAV). At SAV, she was responsible for carrying out a project with an American government within which she visited Pentagon. The American side awarded her a medal for an Outstanding Performance. She perceives state policy of looking after Slovaks living abroad as a higher structure in comparison to standard international connections at the level of state administration, as a higher form of motivation as it is based on work and involvement in order to benefit people of Slovak origin, persons who despite having gone through various contradictions and tough lives still consider themselves Slovak.
 
Mrs Prívarová, what motivates you most about this job?
As national identity and national pride can be perceived as an inner reflection of each individual, often coming right from its connection to the history and culture of one’s own nation, they can be the national identity as well as national pride so obvious and distinct with individuals who do not live in the environment of community and in the country, with people he/ she identifies with but in the country into which they emigrates and migrated themselves or their predecessors. We might also state that it is often the trade from their home country that wakes up a vague feeling of the citizenship to the country, to the nation and one’s gender. I am convinced that just the national identity of Slovaks which led our fellows to establish communities, building schools and churches after having come to the country. Obviously, the religious and social needs were the driving force but without the feeling of citizenship to Slovak nation, Slovaks living and working abroad would not have left such magnificent work. If one is aware of all these national treasures, their tremendous profoundness, historical continuity but also its importance for the future generation, one is sentenced to love this job. Being helpful to this huge group of Slovaks living far away from our country and pursuing their needs, it is highly motivating and rewarding. I do not claim that my work does not bring any problems, however, surely a new job offer I was given ten years ago was a great challenge for me and to be honest with you, I am really delighted I accepted it. I am just living my life fully dedicated to our Diaspora, inside, I am full of thousands of people’s destinies, our compatriots and their successors whose destiny took them far away from their close relatives and I cannot express how grateful I am that I am given an opportunity to help them this way and thus show them my praise and esteem. It is a wonderful job and we, at the Office of Slovaks Living Abroad really appreciate work of our compatriots’ communities.
 
Does the Slovak Republic consider Slovaks living abroad as the integral part of the Slovak nation?
I would not be able to fulfil my mission in the field of ensuring the relationships with our compatriots if the Slovak Republic did not consider Slovaks living abroad an integral part of the Slovak nation; if the Slovak government did not enable to support Slovak minorities and communities abroad after having implemented some practical steps; if our compatriots were not given particular moral support from the highest representatives of our state. However, the most important is the fact that compatriots themselves perceive positively increased interest shown by the Slovak Republic in its Diaspora in a foreign country and improvement of the care of Slovak for Slovaks living away from Slovakia, they declare that at the highest compatriotic forums.
 
If it is true, when will Slovakia cooperate with them more efficiently in economic, political and educational areas? So far, we have not heard those reputable Slovak specialists who live in various countries all over the world would be invited in Slovakia or asked to help the country of their predecessors. What do you think of it?
I think that many specialists of the Slovak origin, many of them give lectures at universities and most of them are driven by desire to hand over their experience, knowledge, their skills to the country of their origin, the country of their predecessors. Slovak public, however, is not informed sufficiently about these personalities, about their operation in Slovakia due to the lack of interest of media in compatriotic issues.
 
There is a statistics about Slovaks living abroad with a dual citizenship and with a certificate of a Slovak living abroad?
As the Office of Slovaks living abroad issues certificates of a Slovak living abroad and it took over that competence from the Ministry of the Foreign Affairs of the SR after establishing the Office. Before that, the Ministry used to issue an ID card of a foreign Slovak and naturally, it handles with such a statistics about the number of certificates issues. Over four years of its existence, the Office for Slovaks living abroad has issued 3,707 certificates of a Slovak living abroad out of which 2,667 were issued for our compatriots living in Serbia. The larger number of them also went to Ukraine and Poland. Nevertheless, the Office does not have any data concerning the number of Slovaks with dual citizenship.
 
Your Office is almost five years old. How does it form and influence the creation of the state policy of care for Slovaks living abroad?
According to the law no 474/ 2005 on Slovaks living abroad, our Office coordinates mutual communication and collaboration of the Slovak Republic with the Slovaks living abroad. One of the main duties and competences is to submit the Report on the state policy of care for Slovaks living abroad for the previous year along with the proposal of the agenda of the state policy for the next year to the negotiations of the government of the SR and consequently to the National Assembly of the Slovak Republic. It is done every year. Thus, a particular material allows us to submit exact intension in terms of satisfying need of our compatriots in a short- term horizon to the government. Our Office, however, set much higher goals and in first time in history, it elaborates a mid-term Conception of the State policy of care for Slovaks living abroad until the year 2015, which was approved by the Slovak government in September 2008. Based on this material, the entire procedure of individual subjects participating in carrying out care for Slovaks living abroad is assured in the fields of legislation, culture, society, education, science and research and media. The conception covers the issues of present migration, which is one of the most important global topics.
At present, there are many more people on the move than they have ever been throughout various periods of human history. The conception sets exact tasks with precisely defined dates of fulfilment.
 
What are its priorities and goals? Are you able to meet them? Which areas do you think should be improved?
One of the main tasks as involved in resolutions of the government is preparation of television broadcasting for Slovaks living abroad, establishment of the exposition of the Slovak history of emigration and lives of Slovaks but also creating a Memorial of Slovak Emigration in Bratislava and last but not least, sustain the amount of funds for the support of compatriots for every year within the grant system of the Office in the amount of 1.327 mil Euro (40 mil. Slovak crowns). We are successful in fulfilling many of the tasks; however, some of them will have to be postponed due to the financial crisis. Nevertheless, I consider the fact that we are able to maintain the amount of funds for the direct support of activities performed by our compatriots for this year as a highly positive moment. The Office for Slovaks living abroad has its representation in the Council of the Government for individual representation of Slovakia abroad and actively takes part in its activities if, however, it were not personally under-dimensioned, its know- how could have been used widely in terms of compatriotic issues and be used in other spheres such as support of tourism and mutual entrepreneurial activities.
 
Television broadcasting for Slovaks living abroad has been discussed for a few years. Where is the problem?
After a few consultations with the Office for Slovaks living abroad, Slovak television elaborated the project of broadcasting for our compatriots. It involved a four- hour television broadcasting consisting of existing news, sport, and films of Slovak production, Slovak fairy tales or other programmes which our compatriots would be interested in. The programmes would be broadcasted via the satellite into individual pásma and countries in which our compatriots live. Technical preparation of the project and starting up the broadcasting itself are financially demanding and we take other forms of availability of broadcasting for Slovaks living abroad into consideration.
 
Why is your Office personally under-dimensioned?
Yet it is the general trend to decrease the number of employees in the civil administration, predominately due to cost savings during the financial crisis and the Office cannot be an exception in this matter.
 
How do you evaluate the quality of Slovak associations and groups abroad- especially in the USA, Canada and Australia and on the other hand in West Europe and neighbouring countries including Romania, Serbia, Montenegro and Croatia?
Slovak communities in Central and South-East Europe have the status of the minority implemented in laws. There are minorities having lived in the countries of Central and South- East Europe for a very long time. They have their deep cultural traditions, their own national integrity, with a branched system of national schools and education. Seldom, they have their own self- administration. It is necessary to point out that first of all, development of minorities is in accordance with their status and task of the country in which Slovaks live and whose citizenship thy have.
Life of compatriotic communities and intensity of their gathering in particular areas is highly influences by the political and economic situation in the given countries but also their historical development and many other factors that have a direct and important influence. Particular conditions for activities of the compatriotic associations and organizations are rather different in particular countries, structure, vitality, age number of people with Slovak roots vary so much that it is simply impossible to compare and the level of development of Slovak associations and organization abroad. Some communities fully use and combine good conditions for their national life in their country, they organize plenty of activities, other lively communities maintain Slovak life despite not so suitable conditions and some are just unable to use the wide scale of opportunities given in the state. Moreover, in some countries, there are other forms of organizing Slovak life, different from those traditional ones; that is why the evaluation of the communities is rather relative.    
 
What is your mutual cooperation about?
The forms of cooperation are various and this space would not be big enough to name all the things. The Office addresses Slovak associations and organizations abroad and asks them to express themselves when preparing important conceptual materials in the field of compatriotic issues, elaborating the reports submitted at the negotiations of the government as well as preparation of conception of united presentation of Slovak abroad. Compatriots re actively involved in organizing the greatest presentations in Slovakia which are carried out by our Office whether they are the Days of Slovaks living abroad, Compatriotic Sunday of folklore festival at Poľana in Detva but also introduction of outstanding masterpieces of individuals in the Slovak Republic. All purpose subsidies of the Slovak Republic for the support of our compatriots are carried out though our Office. For example, the construction of the Slovak House in Mlynky, reconstruction of the 21st school where students are taught in Slovak language in Uzhgorod., reconstruction of the Secondary Grammar School of Ján Kollár in Báčsky Petrovec. In many cases, our Office in cooperation with the compatriotic association provided purchasing and delivery of students´ books, teaching aids and magazine to particular communities.
 
Do you monitor the quality of following the national rights for the Slovak minority?
The main task of the Slovak side and the Office for the Slovaks living abroad is to observe intensively the state policy focused on the Slovak minority in these states and fulfilment of the international and intergovernmental documents in the field of assuring the rights of minorities. The intergovernmental commission is an appropriate platform for solving the issues. The Office has its representatives there.
 
Which state has the most complicated situation ad the worst conditions for the development of Slovak minority?
Even the worse conditions do not necessarily mean the decline of the compatriotic life because they may have contrary effect based on the more intensive attempts of the community to maintain its Slovak aspects. Well, and really tough and complicated situation could be only relative and temporal.
 
What do you think are the trends of development of Slovak communities in West Europe and overseas?
Slovak communities in West Europe and overseas are without the legal status of the minority and create majority of Slovak abroad. They can be divided into three groups. The first one is formed by the successors of emigrants who live in emigration countries of West Europe and overseas, lost their advantage of the original local concentration, are mostly assimilates, the unifying aspect of mother tongue has almost disappeared, however, there is still a relationship to the country of predecessors and being pride of Slovak origin. Overseas, compatriots gather in associations with a long- termed tradition and they have branches in particular states and provinces. In some states they are organized in numerous organizations without a structure, in smaller countries, there is usually one association being limited by the territory.
 Migration wave after the year 1989 mainly led to the state of West Europe but also to exotic overseas destinations. This group is mostly formed by the members of the middle-aged generation, graduates from secondary schools and universities with lively connection to their home country. After establishing organizations, they mostly focus on presentation of Slovakia and creation of mutual contacts.
And ht third group is the migration wave that occurred after integration of Slovakia in the European Union in 2004 which led predominantly to so-called old- members of the EU, to the west, south or north of Europe. For example, new large communities were formed in Great Britain, Ireland, and Belgium. They are usually created by younger and middle-aged generations with vivid and uninterrupted connection to Slovakia who have their rights within the space of the EU based on the membership of the SR in the EU. This group involves Slovak citizens who keep their citizenship, rights and duties regarding to, they maintain the contacts with Slovakia, their home country is obliged to look after them and provide them help according to the rights of the citizen of the SR and the citizen of the member state of the EU. This group will probably preserve their Slovak language and culture or they will return to Slovakia one day.
 
Your Office also assures the execution of the state policy of care for Slovaks living abroad, what does it mean? Does it coordinate help of the government to foreign Slovaks? Does it propose the government the area of the highest priority in terms of help- for example the development of Slovak education and culture, maintaining Slovak language, students’ stays in Slovakia?
The strategic goal of the state policy of the Slovak Republic is to create suitable conditions for supporting compatriotic communities with an intension to preserve their national, cultural and religious identity of Slovaks living abroad, which is all mediated by our Office. Since the integration to the European Union, there are main goals of the state policy in terms of care for compatriots from the European dimension, from the European principle of resolving the matters of minorities and migrants. The Office is responsible for the realization of the grant system within which various project initiate activities of foreign Slovaks. Although some project applications exceed finances, our compatriots are grateful the government of the Slovak Republic for this for of direct support. Our compatriots have a great support of the vice prime minister Dušan Čaplovič who is a grant of these matters at the government of the SR and its is based on the direction of the foreign policy of the Slovak Republic and I am happy to say that the Office has an amazing representatives (offices) so thus with the resort of foreign countries of the Slovak Republic, with our representative and consulates abroad, with many honorary consuls of the Slovak Republic abroad as well as the Office of the Slovak Republic with whom the activities and direct support of our compatriots are coordinated very often. However, it is necessary to emphasise that without the subsidies from the side of Slovakia, many compatriotic events would have not been carryout. Direct financial support is, however, just the only side. The government of the SR within its policy focused on the diasporas, supports other priority spheres of help, events and activities carried out by our Office in the Slovak Republic such as a Stable Conference of the Slovak Republic and Slovaks living abroad as the highest worldwide forum of delegated representatives of compatriotic associations and organizations, Days of Slovaks living aboard in various Slovak region and in Bratislava, Compatriotic Sunday of Folklore festivals at Poľana in Detva, Summer School of Journalism, camps for compatriotic youth Wandering for Knowledge, Amateur theatre courses, specialized seminars, exhibitions, presentations. Apart from the presentation of live compatriotic culture, the Office focuses on preserving the cultural heritage with an aim to maintain and hand over as much as possible for future generations. It is just our Office that mediates movement of precious writings to Slovakia, carries out a project of categorization through the catalogue Slovak system CEMUZ which is offered to be used by compatriotic institutions, museums and documentary centres and cooperates with all the institutions in Slovakia. Their specialized tasks and responsibilities also involve activities focused on our compatriots.
 
How do you evaluate the migration of Slovaks to find a job or better life in Serbia, Ukraine and Romania to Slovakia? Is it possible to motivate those compatriots so that they returned home?
The Office also coordinates the area of education of our compatriots, primarily, however, this competence is the only one that remained under the supervision of the Ministry of the SR. Concerning this matter, the Office, within its commission for schools and education also monitors the process of approving compatriotic grants and return of students given grants to their home countries. There are no legal tools that would make young people obliged to return home after competing their studies in Slovakia. You can prevent the, from the right for free choice of the country with better conditions for living and where they gravitate to.
Many Slovaks also use the certificate of a Slovak living abroad issued by the Office to acquire temporary stay and work in Slovakia. I am aware of the fact that all these forms are important help and positive aspect for our compatriots from Serbia, Ukraine and Romania; on the other hand, they might be negative as our compatriotic communities thus often lose outstanding personalities.
 
Which Slovak communities does the biggest support and financial help of your Office focus on? What are the ways of financing foreign help? What are the criteria? Which areas are supported most- education, cultural activities, and support of publishing magazines, establishment and renewal of Slovak houses?
Financial subsidies are given through the letter of application for grant system. Each application submitted by either compatriotic subjects or natural persons has an elaborated expertise according to the criteria and after processing all the applications for subsidies, the inter-resort commission makes a decision on giving the subsidy or not. The members of the commission include ministers of individual resorts. The Commission objectively and profoundly judges appropriation, contents, sense of all the applications and their real contribution for the Slovak community.
 
Does your Office support small and medium businesses of Slovak minority, for example in Serbia?
The law on Slovaks living abroad precisely defines the rules of state subsidies and the possible areas of support; however, it does not allow running small and medium businesses of our compatriots.
 
What are the ways of the control of state financial subsidies of the support of the foreign Slovaks? As this money is from the tax payers of the SR, have there ever been any cases when you had to stop financial subsidies?
There is a very simple and efficient method to watch the efficiency of subsidies provided- a profound control of accounts and individual items of the grant in accordance with the goals set up to use financial funds. After approving the subsidies, the Office signs a contract with each subject within which the conditions are clearly defined in order to assign a subsidy, including the purpose which the compatriotic organizations are allowed to use the finances for and until when they have to spend the money. Unfortunately, it happened that a compatriotic association did not count the subsidy in accordance with the contract and it resulted into the situation that the next year, according to the law on budget rules, another subsidy could not be assigned.
 
Isn’t there a danger that among foreign Slovaks there might be some individuals that turned their nationality into a licence, use it for running businesses and submitting projects to your Office?
It is true that in some countries, the representatives of compatriotic associations are rewarded for their activities to benefit Slovak minority, however, it does not mean that the donations from the Slovak Republic automatically abuse it for their own profit.
 
What are the largest projects which have been   organized and supported by your Office so far?
I am glad to say that there have been a few bigger projects every year. The granted funds were widely used for building the Centre of the Slovak culture in Nova Bela and in Kacvín; a land was purchased for the construction of the Slovak cultural centre of Horná Orava in Jablonka and at last but not at least summer language courses for compatriotic youth were organized in Slovakia. In Serbia, the financial help concentrates to reconstruct objects that belong to Slovaks, to large cultural presentations, to purchasing books, publishing and to support media. Moreover, Slovaks in Romania are supported by the form of reconstruction of schools, cultural facilities, publishing and cultural activities. In Hungary, apart from granted subsidies, the financial support is carries out through the performance intergovernmental agreement between the Slovak Republic and Hungarian Republic about the mutual support of minorities in the amount of 100,000 Euro every year. Significant help of the Slovak Republic goes through Slovak Catholic missions abroad, Evangelic church communities and church institution abroad.
Of course, significant support goes to the Slovak communities in other countries such as Ukraine, Canada, Italy, the Czech Republic, Croatia, Argentina, Sweden, the USA but also Syria, Lebanon or Cyprus. I will give you an example, the support which we gave within the grants for the reconstruction of the National Czech and Slovak Museum and Library in Cedar Rapids in the USA which were hit by serious floods. Our Office is, however, responsible for legal, contract and organizational side as well as the transfer of finances itself which the Slovak republic purposely donated for the construction of the 21st school with Slovak language as teaching language in Uzhgorod, for the construction of the Slovak House in Mlynky (Pilisszentkereszt in Hungary), to support issuing the Popular Newspaper in Hungary as well as the reconstruction of the Secondary Grammar School of Ján Kollár in Báčsky Petrovec in Serbia. The value of all subsidies is available on our web sites of our Office.
 
What are the priorities of help for the year 2010 and the most significant events?
Most of all, to fulfil all the tasks set by the law, from a long-term conception until the year 2015 and to use all accessible means as much as possible so that we were able to achieve higher level of care for our compatriots. This year, we have an ambition to organize international permanent conference of delegated representatives of compatriotic organizations and associations in Bratislava as the highest forum of Slovaks living abroad, continue in organizing educational programmes for our compatriots, to help in the activities of particular communities through the grant system of the Office and after the successful realization of purpose subsidies of the Slovak Republic could help witness the construction of the Slovak House in Mlynky and reconstructed objects in Uzhgorod and v Bačsky Petrovec where a lot of Slovak children study.


Diocletian Palace in Split
Many citizens of Split think that Split, the second and the biggest Croatian city on the coast, is the most beautiful city in the world. Roman Caesar Diocletian was its first citizen. He had a magnificent summer mansion- a late ancient palace- built at the thermal sea springs on the coast of the sea 1,700 years ago. Today it is a heart of the city, a cultural heritage which is under the protection of UNESCO. It is the most visited Croatian attraction for tourists from all over the world.
 
When a luxurious palace was being built, there was no settlement around, nor the town. The building was constructed between the years 295 and 305. Over the centuries, some changes have appeared on the original ancient Roman architecture, i.e. Venetian, Byzantine and Austro- Hungarian influence. The palace has been standing since then and in relatively good condition. In the 5th century, Split became a bishop sear and thus the town flourished.
 
Who was Diocletian?
After a particular period of time, Diocletian (243- 313 AD), Gaius Aurelius Valerius Deokletianus, was the first Caesar who had reigned for over twenty years thanks to his organizational and military skills. The beginning of his reign, the Roman history started its late caesarean era. When in 305 AD he left this reigning post, moved into his newly built palace where he spent the last years of his life. He was even buried there.
The palace is of a square lay-out. It might be described as the best preserved ancient building in Croatia which carries the elements of ancient villa and fortification castle. It was built from the famous white stone of Brac. At present, it is the only inhabited Roman palace in the world. Almost three thousand people live inside of the fortification system. The palace has preserved fortification, walls and gates, cellars and so- called “substrucie” are of a great interest which were constructed to adjust the terrain and so far the largest Roman roofed area in the world. Under the ground there are cellars which are re-built into exhibition premises, a gallery. Many open squares of the palace are used as interesting and full-of-history stages for various cultural performances.
 
The Statue of Grgur Ninsky
You can enter the historical complex, which is 215 meters long and 180 meters wide, through four original gates from north, west, east and south. There is a statue of Grgur Ninsky placed in the north gate called Golden Gate. It was created by Ivan Meštrovič, a Croatian artist, in honour to a significant Croatian bishop who fought against implementing Latin language into masses and worshipping services. According to the legend, the statue is believed to bring luck to everyone who touches a toe on this statue.
 
Peristil
The centre of the palace is the square of Peristil which his built from the stone imported directly from Egypt. And so was the sphinx. Its main task is to protect the mausoleum where Caesar Diocletian was buried. You can experience Diocletian’s evening there or romantic evening while enjoying domestic music. On the basis of this mausoleum, Sveti Duje Cathedral was built there in the 7th century which is situated right in the palace. It was named after Saint Dominic, a patron and protector of the town of Split. There is a Jupiter temple situated opposite the mausoleum with a smart portal which was rebuilt into a baptistery of St John Baptist with works of old stonemasons and sculptors. There are some other very interesting sights such as interesting Brothers Radic´s Square with a palace, a statue of Mark Maruliće and a Venetian fortified tower, St Francis Church and Holy Trinity, Franciscans´ monastery or still used Roman aqueduct from the third century.


A New Heroine in Slovakia

Anastasia Kuzmina, a biathlonist, who was not needed in Russia. Eduard Sporer, a doctor, who performed an operation on her just before the Winter Olympic Games in Vancouver, also did the surgery on another Olympic winner- American downhill skier Lindsey Vonn.

New “Coalition of Hypocrites”

Although many MPs of the European Parliament do not like Mr Barosso, their disability to tell the citizens of the European Union the truth is much stronger that open political struggle with the Council of Europe and the Council of the European Union - the main rivals of the European Commissars.

Slovak ski extra league
Ski resort Jasna Low Tatras offers only the best in the Slovak mountains during the winter.
 
Katarína Šarafínová
Foto: Tatry Mountain Resorts Services, a.s.
 
Jasna Low Tatras is the most searched and largest resort for winter sports in Slovakia. It lies on the northern and southern slopes of Chopok in the National Park of Low Tatras. There are three ski centers in the Chopok North ski resort – Zahradky, Biela Put and Otupne, and two centers in Chopok South ski resort - Srdiecko and Kosodrevina. Modern cable cars, fantastic slopes, snow park, free ride zones, beautiful views, wide range offer of services and many other activities. A dynamic developing destination offering attractive news every season …
 
The biggest allurement of this winter season is unique 8 places capacity cable car from center Otupne to Brhliska. This cable car replaced the old 4 places capacity cabin, which is popular mostly between children.
The combinations of its orange and black colors are not possible to be overlooked on the snow. It is trendy and the speed and the quiet ride are showing that this is technically the best. The new ski slope was opened along with this new cable car. The new ski slope is wider in the top part and longer down to the hotel Grand. It is passing over the previous main entrance road and crossing is solved by tunnel on the extra level. Ski center Otupne has been extended by this change more down and starts already only few meters from central parking and parking on Biela Put.
Economic operator and investor of the new cabin is company Webis, spol. s r.o. From this winter season there are two economic operators. This, what is common thing in alpine countries, is now also part of our Slovak business life. Skipass or ticket for the cable car is only one. The customer is not influenced by the fact that is using cable cars of two different companies.
 
Advantages of ski resort Jasna Low Tatras
? 51 km of slopes all categories, one contactless skipass usage (this is valid also in High Tatras)
? The distance from High Tatras resort Tatranska Lomnica is only 45 min driving by car, mostly on highway
? 35 km of slopes on the northern and southern part of Chopok - the area of ski space is much bigger comparing to other resorts in Slovakia or Czech, ski opportunities in free ride zones are comparable or even better than in some alpine ski resorts
? Wide range services as rentals, ski schools, good quality food and catering services
? Many winter events and attractions - sledging, funtools at snow, showboots ….
? Min. 5 months of snow in a year – the advantage of altitude and synthetic snow
? Region with the best aquaparks with opportunity - “right from skis to the pool”
? Accommodation packages in the whole region - hotel SKI and bungalows and 4 star hotels as Grand and Tri Studnicky are offering extra convenient ski packages including skipasses , starting from 30€/day
 
Resort is working on increasing its meaning also in the summer months. The power of regional attractions around are used – thermal water, aquaparks, caves and the resort are also creating possibilities for active relax in the mountains for families with children and also for mountain biker in own conditions. Due to planned investments into the resort infrastructure, the resort is stabilizing its position in Slovak tourism.
The economic operator of ski resort Jasna Low Tatras is company Tatry mountain resorts, a.s., the biggest business subject in the Slovak tourism. The strategic aim of the company is operating the most important ski mountain resorts, hotels and proceeding development and investment projects in High and Low Tatras. Common operation should create synergetic effect, better effects as a base point for investments. Tatry mountain resort has been established to build strong company, resistant against market flexibility, interesting for investors, open and tradable company on stock exchange.
 
More information on
www.jasna.sk


The Committee of Regions awarded the vision of the Trnava Self- Governing Region

Tibor Mikuš pursues great global projects in order to support and improve the entrepreneurial environment.

Bridges of Europe - Ponti d´Europa
Music connects not only regions and various cultures but also cures hearts and inspires people’s souls. An outstanding music project was born in Košice.
 
Goran Balagovič
Photo: the author
 
On February 14, 2010, at the Museum of Vojtech Löffler in Košice, a legendary sculptor in Košice, a premier of an extraordinary international opera concert was held there having been given its name “Bridges of Europe - Ponti d´Europa”. During an- hour - long concert, you could listen to such masterpieces mainly of Italian opera literature as Werther, Rigoletto, La Boheme and Cavalleria Rusticana. Outrageous performances of opera singers like mezzo - soprano Michel Bregantine, baritones Ludovik Kendi and tenor Jaroslav Dvorský just simply “fascinated” the audience so much that even Peter Dvorský´s eyes burst in tears as he felt so impressed. He is the most famous Slovak opera singer and at present, the director of the Opera of the State Theatre in Košice.
 
The author of the project is Julia Grejtáková, a famous and popular Košice pianist. At present, she is the main accompanist at the Opera of the State Theatre and a pedagogue at Conservatory in Košice. “It is a project of artists of classical music from three countries- Italy (Padov), Romania (Cluž) and Slovakia (Košice) who decided to connect their talents, voices and skills and thus, using music and music masterpieces join and connect well- known and less known regions in Europe and in the European Union, so that they represented cultural and historical heritage of all Europeans regardless they are from its west, central or east part,” says this nice artists who often accompanies opera singers at various international singing competitions. She is regularly a guess at the State Opera in Banská Bystrica, she has also cooperated with the State Chamber Orchestra in Žilina, the State Philharmony in Košice and is a stable member of a women’s chamber trio Tenerezza. She performs with soloists and chamber groups not just at home but also abroad, most frequently in Italy, Hungary, Poland, Spain and Mexico.
 
Common Heart
The music project “Bridges of Europe” was born in Košice in November 2009 when three newly - met friends got together and found themselves in both artistic and emotional ways. They were - Julia Grejtáková, Ludovik Kendi and Michela Bregantin. It was artistic feeling and almost perfect accordance in opinions on opera and its interpretation moved “the common heart” of the three artists in a completely new dimension. And Michela Gregantin, a winner of many international competitions (for example the World Spring Festival in Pchongyang in North Korea, where she succeeded among 400 contestants from all over the world) had visited Košice for the first time. “I needed to train a new role and Ludovik mentioned that there was a very good and skilful pianist in Košice whom I could possibly cooperate with in the future,” says this 37- year - old lady born in the Italian province of Padova where she debuted in 1999 with the role of Santuzza in the opera Cavalleria Rusticana, which has remained her key character. Her unique voice allows her to perform roles rather different at first sight, both soprano and mezzo - soprano ones, which brings her opportunities to present herself at the international theatres from Brazil to Korea, in the capital cities in Europe where she still receives praising critics by the audience as well as professionals. She often sings church repertoire, for example Verdi’s Requiem, Rossini’s Petite Messe Solenelle, and Haydn’s Nelson Messe. At present, she is a member of Accademie Montegral where she studies under the supervision of maestro Gustav Kuhn.
 
From canoeing to singing
Ludovik Kendi, born in Transylvania in Cluž, who debuted in Košice as a guess star in the Opera Barbier from Seville in Košice two years ago. He has been cooperating with Košice Opera since then. However, it was him who invited Michela to come to Košice. In November 2009, he practices Lucia di Lammermoor; he is also a guess star in La Traviata and Un Ballo in Maschera.
However, it seems rather interesting that he had been dealing with canoeing until he was 22 years old and he represented Romania and had not known a single piece of music. Unfortunately, an injury of his eye changed his career of a sportsman and pushed him towards music he had studied at secondary school. And he started singing again. He was an excellent student at the Academy of Arts in Arad in Romania and at the Academy of Gheorghe Dima where he studied at Maestro Alexandro Farcaso. In June 2007, he improved himself at the Music Academy in Mozarteum in Salzburg where he was led by such famous names as Professor Horian Branisrean and Boris Bakov. He is a winner of the international competitions, for example “Hariclea Darclee” in Romania. He debuted in 1999; his main roles are Germont, Renato, Enrico, Nabucco, Figaro, Dulcamara, Don Giovanni and others that represent the most important opera scenes in Europe Symphonic music also plays an important role in his life. He often stars in 8th Symphony by Mahler, Beethoven’s 9th Symphony, Verdi’s Requiem, and Carmine Burane by Orff, always led by conductors such as Sir Simon Rattle, Marco Balderi, and Gustav Kuhn. At present, he is a member of Accademie Montegral where he works and studies being led by Gustav Kuhn.
Rotary Club Košice Classic took patronage over this project and premier of the pilot concert. “Our club perceives music as the best and most ideal ways to get closer people of various nationalities, cultures and professions. Music cures, inspires human’s soul, gets rid of various stereotypes and complexes and inspires to tolerance and help to those who are in need,” says Róbert Matejovic, the President of the Club. “We are glad that thanks to music we are able to help and give a hand to people in Slovakia and abroad,” he adds.


Ideologist Obama
However, Barack Obama’s no Bill Clinton. He cannot push center-right policy and modern liberalism hidden by the majority of Democrats in the Congress. If pigs had wings, they could fly…
 
Fred Barnes (the executive editor of The Weekly Standard)
Photo: White House
Headlines: Dimenzie
 
President Obama’s greatest need is to escape the ideological grip of congressional Democrats and the liberal base of the Democratic party (they’re one and the same). But he either doesn’t recognize this or, as a conventional liberal himself, isn’t so inclined. This self-inflicted difficulty has put Obama in worse political straits than President Clinton faced after the Republican landslide of 1994.
 
Certainly there was nothing in Obama’s State of the Union address last week to indicate he understands the fix he’s in or has devised a credible way to get out of it. His message, though he didn’t put it in quite these words, was that he’d rather fight for unpopular liberal policies than switch to broadly appealing centrist ones.
 
Opposition
A bad omen for Obama and Democrats was the pleased - as - punch response of Capitol Hill’s top Republican, Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell. “It makes my job a little easier than if he were moving to the middle and picking up people,” McConnell says. “I na?vely thought he was going to do a course correction.”
McConnell characterizes the Obama strategy as: “Ignore the public, we know what’s best, full speed ahead.” The practical effect is to yield the political high ground to Republicans. “He can call us the party of no till he’s blue in the face,” McConnell says. “It depends on what you’re saying no to.”
When the president had lunch with television anchors at the White House the day of the speech, he minimized his political distress. Were the rate of unemployment two points lower, he’d be in fine shape, Obama suggested. That’s probably true. And if pigs had wings they could fly.
Since the Republican Senate victory in Massachusetts on January 19 and the collapse of Obama’s domestic agenda, the parallels between Obama now and Clinton in 1994 have come into sharp focus. The president, by the way, told the anchors Republican Scott Brown won because he was the better candidate, not because he made opposition to Obama’s policies the centerpiece of his campaign.
 
Obama is a creature of modern liberalism
To save his presidency after his stiff rebuff in the midterm elections, Clinton lurched to the political center. He adopted a strategy of “triangulation” that involved painful compromises with Republicans, who had captured the House and Senate. It worked. Clinton glided to reelection in 1996, defeating Republican Bob Dole by 7 points.
Though it’s rarely acknowledged, Clinton’s most significant successes in the White House were all in conjunction with Republicans: the North American Free Trade Agreement in 1993, welfare reform in 1996, and balanced budget legislation in 1997 that included a cut in the capital gains tax rate from 28 percent to 20 percent that spurred the financial boom and budget surplus of his second term.
For Clinton, creating daylight between his presidency and liberal Democrats was easy. They hadn’t been responsible for his election in 1992, nor was he ideologically tethered to them. In Obama’s case, separating himself would be hard. The liberal base was instrumental in his election, controls both houses of Congress, and may retain its majority after the 2010 midterms as well. As a politician, Obama is a creature of modern liberalism.
 
Liberal Agenda in Center- left America
Even if Obama wanted to, it would be awkward for him to negotiate legislative deals with Republicans while liberal Democrats control Congress. And it would be regarded as a betrayal if he vetoed a Democratic bill. I can’t recall a recent example of a president vetoing a measure passed by his own party. Obama’s veto threats in the State of the Union weren’t taken seriously by Democrats or Republicans.
At the core of Obama’s trouble is a misreading of the 2008 election. He and Democratic liberals interpreted it as a mandate for an era of liberal lawmaking and governance in a newly minted center - left America. And they set out to create that era with sweeping initiatives on health care, energy and the environment, and the economy.
They were wrong, as everyone but the most unswerving or fogbound liberal now understands. America is a center - right country politically and has been for decades. Pushing a liberal agenda for a year has cost Obama dearly. His public approval has fallen at a record rate (for a first-year president), and so has support for his policies.
He is clinging to the one advantage his party retains, its strength in Congress. “To Democrats, I would remind you that we still have the largest majority in decades and the people expect us to solve some problems, not run for the hills,” Obama declared in the speech. Sorry, Mr. President, but dozens of Democrats in Republican - leaning districts or red states are already in full flight, either deciding to retire or abandoning your agenda.
 
Republicans want to start over, from scratch, on health care reform.
Obama is giving aid and comfort to the Republican counterstrategy. As in 1994, Republicans say they’re ready to cooperate with the president when they can, oppose him when they can’t. So McConnell, for one, is willing to go along with Obama’s puny budget freeze. But Obama has offered Republicans much else that might be risky to oppose.
To salvage Obamacare, Democrats buttonholed several Republican senators last week with schemes for tweaking the bill. The senators declined to negotiate, telling the Democrats, “Call McConnell.” Under McConnell’s leadership, Senate Republicans are united in preferring to start over, from scratch, on health care reform. So far, McConnell hasn’t gotten a call from the White House or any Democrat.
To boost his recovery after the Republican landslide of 1994, Clinton found a useful foil, the new House speaker, Newt Gingrich. When Gingrich overreached, Clinton was the beneficiary. Obama desperately needs a foil, but his attempts to turn McConnell and Republicans into one have failed. Instead, he’s become their foil.
Let’s give Obama credit for intellectual honesty. He believes in his agenda. Speaking at a House Republican retreat in Baltimore last week, Obama insisted, “I am not an ideologue.” But he sure can pass for one. And despite his travails, Obama brims with self - confidence. He told Democrat Marion Berry of Arkansas, a seven - term House member, that Democrats today have a unique advantage they lacked in 1994 me.” Berry doesn’t agree. He’s retiring.


When will American stop Bin Ládin?

Doctor Fadl, a co - establisher of Al - Qaida claims in his book that the most wanted terrorist in the world is almost illiterate in terms of Islam. However, he belongs to the most influential clan in Saudi Arabia which has large number of businesses connected to American circles.

Svätopluk to Castle

Why are Slovaks so anxious in the relationship to their state? And how do they develop the traditions of Svätopluk and Cyril and Methodius?

Conspiracy of Freemasons?

The First World War buried four great empires, weakened the primacy of Europe in the world, strengthened the position of Japan in Asia and Pacific and the USA became the creditor of Europe

A character actress and chanson singer

“It is not that I could not get angry but I do not have any time or feel like doing it as one finds it very hard to get over it,” says Milka Došeková, a pedagogue, a diseuse and an author of stories for children and the first lady of Slovak chanson.

Goose Easter Eggs
PhDr. Zuzana Almáši- Koreňová (1973), born in Zvolen, has never studied any artistic schools. As she says, she was born to be a creative person. Her grandfather dealt with painting and wood cutting, her grandmother liked handcrafts from knitting, through decorating Easter eggs to lacing. Her mother was a fine artist. Before she lost her parents, she used to visit her mother’s pottery workroom...


Happy Wine - Maker Larionov

A legendary member of the Soviet ice hockey five opened an outlet of his wines in Slovakia. Such people as Putin and Medvedev drink his wine.
 Let Ukraine be
Next year, the second biggest European country will be celebrating the 20th anniversary of the declaration of its state independence from the Soviet Union. Since then, the country has been searching for its new face, national identity and inner peace and quiet; since then, it has faced various streams of influence coming from abroad that have been attempting to pursue their view on the “ Ukrainian matter” in Europe. In spite of having the richest natural sources in Europe, the “land lying on the edge” (the exact translation of its name ´Ukraine´) has been struggling with serious economic crisis; it suffers from poverty, high unemployment rate, corruption and dramatic decrease of population. Over the past ten years, the number of inhabitants has plummeted by more than 7 million people. However, the Ukrainian politicians in their disputes have not ever mentioned exact agendas and measures that will help the citizens to improve their lives, how to bring new job and investment opportunities. People really suffer and try to survive as they can. And we, in Europe, are only interested in things like whether Ukraine will remain neutral, whether it wants to integrate in NATO and the EU or whether as an establishing member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the country should enter the Common customs area of Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Every single politologist and analyst sees only the fact whether Ukraine is divided into pro- western “European” or eastern “Russian”, i.e. “non- European” part. Nevertheless, the crucial moments from the complicated history of Ukraine have already proved that after the disintegration of Kievan Rus, the country had always been split between a few states or empires (Russian, Polish- Lithuanian ones, the Ottoman Empire, the Austro- Hungarian Monarchy, USSR). It is its historical heritage!
We should not be concerned about politics but about people’s everyday lives and a question who is really interested in strong, united and prosperous Ukraine. Western politics, whose the only aim has always been to “separate” Ukraine from Russia both politically and economically, is not successful and possible to be carried out. More than miserable results of the forced Orange Revolution in 2004 clearly prove that. After six years of building parliamentary democracy of a western type, the country is not a stable state anyway. So-called pro- western powers that fight for democracy, integration in the European Union and against Russian influence being helped by Poland, the USA and eastern partnership of the EU, they are unable to start up the economy of the country. Speculative investments from West were buried by the economic crisis due to which Ukraine nearly had gone bankrupt. Pro- western powers have always been fighting in permanent political struggles; they race and boast who is bigger and the only democrat, they have no long- termed conception and unable to reach any agreement as such. Their leaders, organized in “Yulia Tymoshenko´s Bloc” and in Yushchenko´s movement “Our Ukraine” bring the country more bad luck than god luck. They have never won the parliamentary election in Ukraine! And they have always managed to get united so that they could rule and punish the east part of the country.
Yulia Tymoshenko, a gas princess, who made her fortune by trading and importing Russian natural gas to Ukraine, is the greatest disappointment for West and Americans. Much more than “a half- American” Yushchenko. Yulia, born in Dnepropetrovsk and a former active Komsomol girl, has not won a single parliamentar

Dimenzie No.4/2020Belarus wants Lukashenko, not the West
Horný Šariš in the MAKOS network
The Spring of the Krupa River
Knight´s Ozalj
The Nazis were defeated mainly by Soviet citizens
New Pan-European Order
New Challenges for Romania
What are the strengths and weaknesses of Prime Minister Matovič?
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