June - July 2010Right- winged havoc seized Slovakia
Population genocide and contraceptive industry
Diamonds of History
Blue Peak waiting for Slovaks
The town of miracles and legends
Inspirations for sleeping Košice as well
Germany and the Euro-Crisis
Iconography is an art of soul
Right- winged havoc seized Slovakia
After four years of governing by Robert Fico´s central left coalition and his unsuccessful attempts to build up a social state at the foot of the High Tatras, most Slovaks are facing a new “ change“ they had to accept. An innovated central- right government has returned to power and some of its directors have not been able to leave the politics even after 20 years and to start earning for living as entrepreneurs. Words mainly about the strongest right party SDKÚ- DS and some of its leaders who have not won the election again but have been successful in forming a government having pushed its three partners into it.
The first of them has been the liberal party “Liberty and Solidarity” (SaS- Sloboda a solidarita), a marketing and internet product of entrepreneurs and demagogues gathered around Richard Sulík, an under- esteemed financial and tax advisor. This party was established as a protest against SDKÚ- DS, its scandals, inability to pursue and defend right- winged politics, eliminate the practices of the tandem Mikuláš Dzurinda- Ivan Mikloš who refused to back off after the election in the year 2006. In spite of Mr Sulik´s anti- Fico rhetoric, he has never fought against social democrats and their vision about the social state. Mr Dzurinda has always been his main rival. Moreover, he was an unacceptable and untrustworthy partner that he dared to say who is or who is not supposed to be the leader of SDKÚ- DS. He wanted to be an alternative with a prospect against this party. Nevertheless, he showed further development of his personality, having used his politics full of principles and his political culture and he betrayed not only members of his minute party but mainly his voters. He has joined those whom he used to criticise the most. Mr Dzurinda is a minister of Foreign Affairs and Mr Mikloš is a Minister of Finance again. And what about him? Instead of the resort of finances which he had longed for so much, he got the post of the speaker of the Slovak parliament. It is “ a balloon that is supposed to resist pursuing right- winged proposals of amended laws and acting much easier? We have to say that Mr Sulík has lost the trust of honest people and joined a bunch of untrustworthy Slovak politicians and political parties.
It is exactly the same how Christian democrats perceive Mikulas Dzurinda and SDKÚ. And in February 2010, they wondered, and not only Mr Fico, how the party, which wanted to revive “the ideals of November 1989” in the presidential campaign through Iveta Radičová, was financed. Ján Fígeľ, a new leader of KDH, also desired to defeat SDKÚ-DS and thus move his party to the at least 12- 13 per cent. Until he said that his party would not join the coalition with R. Fico, opinion polls showed that his preferences reached and even exceeded the preferences of SDKÚ- DS. After the appeal of Mrs Radičová who asked him to be a man of honour and express his approach to SMER- DS, however, very quickly and unexpectedly he made his fatal statement on what Mrs Radičová wanted to hear and not what the members of KDH base expected to hear. And the result? KDH has not convinced voters significantly and has not reached the level of even nine per cent. Ján Fígeľ has not taken a significant and man’s approach to either SDKÚ- DS or SaS which have torpedoed and blocked a part of goals of the highest KDH priority (for instance the protection of life, objection of conscience). Whether Mr Fígeľ will or will be not willing to confess that, he has also lost trust of honest voters, he became untrustworthy politician and in addition to that, he is also a great disappointment for the Church who had expected him to do much more. The kiss on Iveta Radičová´s cheek was also needless and cunning and so was departure of KDH from M. Dzurinda´s government in the year 2006 due to disapproval of further agreements between Slovakia and the Vatican. Moreover, Mr Figeľ is hazarding with the trustworthiness of KDH and tortures voters in East Slovakia without whom his party would have not got into the parliament. They are worried as he is not able to explain why the coalition KDH- SMER- SD was not acceptable for them…
The similar situation is with the civil (Hungarian- Slovak) marketing party Most- Híd by Béla Bugár. At first, he had also left the opportunities open for the cooperation with R. Fico and he often criticized M. Dzurinda and mistakes of his second government. Nevertheless, he changed his opinion and he did not say why, either. During the coalitional negotiations, however, he showed he would probably be the only leader who would be able to step his foot and keep a distance from Iveta Radičová, a lady who desperately longs for changes and revival of post- November values into our lives. Yes, we can agree with that. But let us remind that one of the most important goals of November 1989 was to tell the truth because just the truth wins. And if we think about the truth concerning the parliamentary election 2010, are we really able to say that Slovak voters wanted right- winged government? What if they had wanted a different government? Didn’t they want a strong and stable coalition of two including Róbert Fico, the winner of the election? Well, it is obvious that if two rule the country, they are able to reach an agreement quickly and control each other better than four members of governing coalition. How come? How is it possible that four leaders had managed to reach an agreement so quickly although they had intrigued and fought against one another so much?
During their campaign, they did not offer the voters anything exact, any common agenda. Nor the recipe for eliminating the economic crisis in Slovakia and a plummet of tax collection due to it, how to revive Slovak regions, domestic production, real and not virtual consumption, how to diversify foreign markets and export politics in Slovakia. How have they defended interests of small and medium entrepreneurs and farmers so far?
They say they want to eliminate clientelism, nepotism and corruption. But how? Entire Slovakia is governed by a small group of oligarchs and firms and their “begging” sub-suppliers and partners. Will they send them in prison and watch them not to sponsor their parties as well? They do not let them run their businesses and apply for PPP projects and state orders? Will they clone better and more honest ones? Who really got to rule the country and in what way? Who is Prime Minister Radičová representing more- SDKÚ- DS which is still being chaired M. Dzurinda? Or a group of her four friends, everlasting revolutionists and never- mistaking democrats from non- parliamentary Civil Conservative Party (Občianska konzervatívna strana- OKS) whose member has already become a chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the National Assembly of the Slovak Republic? The way how almost they all allied against one, remind of a putsch and managed puppet regime more than a serious agreement and played for a coalitional government. And participation of untrustworthy, unreliable and inexperienced politicians in the government makes us ask a question whether Slovak voters were not na?ve, deceived and misused. Those who had not taken part in the election, might have done much better thing that those who did. Values, Mrs Radičová, Mr Bugár and Mr. Fígeľ had longed for, cannot be pursued in political and social life by those who are unable to tell people the truth, who have their own tactics and laugh at the nation through the media. Therefore, it is sad and pitying that we have to respect them formally as constitutional authorities, as “posts and results of the election” rather than real personalities who are worth trusting. Or am I wrong and should we give them a chance for at least a hundred days? Well, let’s guess who of them will start telling the truth first and when…
editor in chief
Population genocide and contraceptive industry
“I am talking about the abortion genocide, which is part of a new religion - to save Mother Earth from the cancer of the planet - human beings. Implantation of human clones into women will become legal in Britain. It is a matter of time, money and connections, which always work, “says Jana Tutková, director of the Center for Bio-Ethical Reform.
Robert Matejovič ?
Photo: Jozef Vesely
Center for Bio-Ethical Reform Europe (CBR) was established as an autonomous partner of CBR USA, which is inspired by the movement for social reform, which strived for equality of blacks in the United States. It is an independent non-governmental organisation. It campaigns for bioethical reform in relation to the unborn children who are denied an equal right to life. The aim of its activities is to raise solidarity with the innocent and the smallest members of our society. At the same time helping women who consider abortion as a legitimate choice to change their minds, since the second victim of abortion is always a woman and her body, where this violence happens. CBR believes that women deserve a better solution than abortion.
You claim that the UN promotes injustice in its population program. What is it?
Since its beginning the UN population ideology has focused on slowing population growth in the developing world which controls a huge amount of natural resources that the developed world needs. It promotes whatever means it deems useful, such as forced abortions in China and Vietnam, or forced sterilization, which took place under the heading of UNFPA (UN Fund for Population Activities) in different countries. It is being dealt with in a book Fatal misunderstanding: The struggle for control of the world’s population. It was published by Harvard University Press, and was declared a book of 2008 by the Financial Time. ?Basically, it is the continuation of Nazi eugenics, which is no longer racial, but mostly health-related (against handicapped infants) and social, against lower social class, for abortion and contraceptives are to achieve such family planning that only healthy, well-off children would be born.
Is there a country where the population growth is already governed by this new concept or has been put into practice?
Clearly, it is China, where material welfare and equality are the goal: one car, one house, one child, one TV... Having a second child is fined by three-years salary, and a third child must be aborted, otherwise are parents sanctioned and persecuted. People are completely numb to abortion. Recently a travel guide about China was published, which describes how a restaurant chain offers a soup of human foetuses. Images of foetuses sold in bottles have flown around the Internet world some time ago. The Chinese Communist government in collaboration with UNFPA decides the number of children, and not the parents ... And the whole world tolerates that and even supports it, we depend more and more on Chinese production. At the last meeting of G-8 a Chinese minister dared to suggest this violent policy to be spread around the world. Even the Western world supports this way of thinking about children and material comfort. Not by totalitarian means like in China, but much more efficiently - by propaganda. Non-governmental organizations, media and international institutions have been used to promote this lifestyle, also through legislation.
Who supports this philosophy?
It is the philosophy of the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), one of the richest and most influential non-governmental organizations in the world. IPPF operates the largest network of abortion clinics in the world and is a virtual marketing agency for the contraceptive industry. After the sexual revolution, the terminology of the population decline promoters, such as the Rockefellers and Fords, was transformed into a “women‘s rights“ issue. It is associated with the environmental obligation towards the Planet, which is an end to justifying meansare of the genocide spread by the UN - in particular UNFPA and the International Planned Parenthood Federation.
What environmental obligation to the planet do you mean and what genocide?
I am talking about abortion genocide, which is part of a new religion - to save “Mother Earth“ from the cancer of the planet - human beings. Shedding of innocent blood is a satanic ritual and this is the essence of this ideology, which is focused on the selfish interests of individuals. From the 1960‘s there persists a myth that the planet is overpopulated, even though economists have disproved it many times. Production growth is much faster than population growth. Technological advances allow more people to live better side by side. Killing people is a loss of the valuable capital that brings innovation, labor, human care and is at the same time a motivation for parents and society. Recently I read a statement of an European economist, who considers the current economic crisis to be a result of loss of new consumers (children), as well as innovators. The slowdown in demographic growth below what it is irreversible for the survival of nations (below 1.5 children per woman) also brings an economic winter. The future is where children are.
How about the European Commission and European Parliament? Do they support the UN population policy?
The European Parliament has, since the mid 1990‘s, funded population programs in developing countries carried out by the International Planned Parenthood Federation and its ideological clones (e.g. Marie Stopes International). The European Parliament before our accession to the EU pushed for liberalization of abortion also in the associated member states of the EU.
What do we actually know about the history of abortion? Since when do we categorize them into legal and illegal?
Like murder, rape and theft, there has been also abortion for ages. Ancient civilizations tolerated all sorts of practices, besides abortion, that we would consider to be human rights violations. During the time of Christianity in Europe laws were introduced to protect the human dignity and monogamy of marriage, condemn occult practices, violence, revenge and the like. The state pursued justice in corporal punishment and imprisonment of offenders. In Europe, abortions were banned until the mid 20th century.
Who and which country first legalized abortion?
The Soviet Union first legalized abortion – under Lenin in 1920. Then the Nazis liberalized abortion for “Non Aryan“ races. On March 9th, 1943 they introduced legal abortion in occupied Poland and extended it to other occupied Eastern territories. The Nuremberg War Crimes Court condemned ten SS generals for the implementation of Hitler‘s decree which abolished the punishment of abortions in Poland. At the time abortion was prohibited everywhere in the world (before the war, Stalin had banned abortion). In the Eastern bloc abortion was legalized only after Stalin‘s death. The “sexual revolution“ in the West led to legalized abortion - in the UK in 1967, the United States in 1973, Italy in 1978, in Belgium in 1990...
Why is the term sexual revolution used and what is its engine - the issues of safe sex, fear of sex, or to test the products of the pharmaceutical industry in the interests of Planned Parenthood?
Sexual revolution means new sexual behaviors that emerged in the 60‘s and 70‘s in the Western world. Human sexuality has no greater objective – good of spouses and procreation of children, but is reduced to maximizing sexual pleasure outside commitments. If a child is an obstacle to the “emancipation of women“ to be able to have sex without consequences like men then the child‘s conception must be prevented, or if not, the unborn child destroyed. Contraception and abortion allow woman to be available for sexual relations with men while she needs to supress her sexuality. Women become sex objects in the process losing the respect of men - and this is called emancipation.
As long as there has been humanity, there have been brothels, adultery and other forms of prostitution. Sex is a part of everyday life, either in personal relationships or partnerships. What are we dealing with in the 21st century - the growing concern of people for their comfort and their biological needs in sex, or a return to responsible sexual education of mankind, to motherhood, and family? Are there figures which indicate investment into such education?
People dream about sex, talk about sex, maximize sexual pleasure, but do not think about the real meaning of sex. Sex (reproduction) and eating (survival) are two fundamental insticts and are therefore associated with many pleasures, so that individuals and humanity survive. When one maximizes the enjoyment of food and refuse its outcome – digestion, one suffers from a mental disorder - bulimia. Something similar is true even in sex. The relationship becomes ill when a couple is not open to accept the ultimate consequence of the sexual act, a baby. The loss of the sense of sexuality is not just a private matter- society is suffering from broken families, sexual related violence, increasing rates of sexual disease and depression.
A counter-revolutionary “fertility awareness“ is now starting to spread in the West, so that men and women get to know and accept their sexuality also with fertility. Only five days a month can a woman become pregnant, and this is clearly signaled by her body. The couple needs to distinguish the signals that indicate days when to conceive child or avoid it by sexual abstinence. This leads to fascinating communication between spouses, deciding every month whether or not they want a child. I advocate saving sex for marriage because it teaches men to respect the female body and its needs for tenderness, communication and accountability. The rate of divorce increases with the increase in cohabitation - living together before marriage. A British study from the Civitas think-tank claims that the majority of cohabitating couples does not end up in marriage and up to (60%) of them divorce in the first three years.
The focus of sexual revolution and the sex industry are predominantly women, why not men too? Are women a more appropriate “guinea pig“ than men? Or is the old old saying still valid that women are responsible for everything?
The pharmaceutical industry imposes condoms onto the world and at the same time works on impairing male fertility through contraceptives.
Indeed, it is a form of chemical mutilation, whether in man or woman! The companies create artificial needs, then fill them. This gives the false targets to aim for - career, power, comfort, pleasure. Women hold the morality of the society, because as they say, if the devil can not break a man he gets to him through a woman... Oversexualization of the society by revealing female body is the first step. Women want shortsightedly attention at any cost, do not demand commitment for life, give sex for nothing, they lost self-esteem and probably the ideal, too. Today, they go against themselves when they advocate abortions. A woman is different from man and while she copies men in sex attitudes or at her workplace, she denies her own identity. She deprives men of the opportunity to be a prince, pursuing woman unconditionally, to build self-discipline in sex.
You promote bio-ethical reform. What is its essence – the fight against abortion being used to control world population, or abortion as a result of the sexual revolution and free sex, infidelity, rape, trafficking in women and young girls, prostitution? Let’s clarify this...
This age is a challenge for the last remaining equalization - of the unborn children, therefore bio-ethical reform. Equality has always a legal aspect, and therefore it is an aim to recognize in law the same right to human life before birth, as well as after birth. The laws of the developed countries, which legalized abortion and hormonal contraception, discriminate against those defenseless people on the basis of their size and age. Yet laws are meant to protect the weaker and smaller.
Our educational activities are based on scientific facts from the area of bioethics, which we provide to the general public. People can not understand the evil of abortion unless they see it. Evil, which remains invisible remains tolerated. CBR Europe seeks to mobilize the “public against violence“ of today. We cooperate with the European and American “CBR network“ in sharing our common experience and strategies.
Well, but why don’t you speak also about fighting human cloning for example, and contraception, why do you just emphasize the abortion ban?
Of course, we talk also about other topics related to abortion. We underline in particular the right to life of human embryos and fetuses (which are just names for different stages of human development, such as newborn, toddler, etc.) In Slovakia, each day 40 innocent lives are killed by surgical abortion, while the second victim of abortion is woman. Now a much higher number are killed chemically by hormonal contraceptives. Experts say that with hormonal contraceptive use there is a 10-38 percent probability of preventing the implantation of the one to two week old embryo in the womb. Thus the embryo dies when the endometrium of uterus changes under the influence of hormones. These hormones, albeit in small doses, increase the risk of breast and liver cancer in women according to many current medical studies.
You became known among the Slovak public with your campaign “Stop Genocide“ in which you argue that abortion is genocide. Why use such an argument?
Our campaign is a long term project which we started in the summer of 2008 and several months after our billboard campaign “Right to Life“. We have presented it for two summers at music festivals, one year at universities and the other year in the streets of Slovak cities.
The campaign consists of public assemblies, part of which are the informational panels. They compare historical genocides with current abortion genocide. Their common denominator is that genocidal regimes initially labelled their victims as not fully human and legalized their killing. For example, the Nazis called the Jews (but also Roma, Slavs, etc.), subrace, subhumans. Similarly, blacks and Indians in the U.S. were regarded as second category people. It was perfectly legal to shoot a native American. Slave owners on the other hand had the “freedom to choose“ - to take care of a slave, or kill him. Today, this is the way the Slovak law views the unborn child in the first trimester - as the mother‘s property, with whom she can do what she wants. It is not allowed in the second trimester because the baby is a few millimeters larger, neither when born, for a post-birth child is never the property of its mother. The Supreme Court of the United States 100 years after the abolition of legalized slavery in the United States‘ gave “the right to the mother“ to treat her unborn child as property. Again, this will have to change one day.
You say also that this genocide continues in all Europe. In which country is it the worst? In which European countries is abortion is prohibited, without exception; in which, with exception?
Western Europe shows an increasing rate of abortions despite the high rate of contraceptive use. In fact, it appears abortions are on increase as a consequence of higher contraceptive use, in particular, the United Kingdom, Sweden, Denmark and Spain. Abortion is completely prohibited only in Malta. In Ireland abortion is prohibited by its constitution which defines as equal the right to life for the mother and the right to life of her unborn child. In theory then, an abortion could be performed if it were neccesary to save a mother‘s life, but in reality there is no medical situation where an abortion itself would save the woman‘s life. In cases of uterine cancer or ectopic pregnancy Irishmen apply the bio-ethical principle of double effect- the cancerous or infectous tissue is removed, which at the same time removes the unborn child, who dies as in a side affect of the treatment, not by a direct action of the surgeon to kill the unborn.
Abortion is not necessary when preeclamsia occurs. Labor inducement is much less risky for woman and there is a chance that the prematurely born baby after 22nd week survives.
Poland, after decades of legal abortion prohibited abortion in 1994 except for rape, incest and serious fetal defects. The Constitutional Court in Poland declared the right to life as the first law in the hierarchy of rights to be protected in a democratic society and gives its green light to ban abortion, although not entirely, as a matter of principle. Interestingly, after German reunification, abortion became legal in West Germany. When in 1975, West Germans had adopted an abortion law, the Federal Constitutional Court declared it unconstitutional on the grounds that “abortion should be viewed as fundamentally wrong throughout the entire course of pregnancy and therefore prohibited. The right to life of the unborn is inserted into the Constitution in response to the “final solution“ and liquidations performed by National Socialist regime...“.
On the other hand, in which countries are the most liberal abortion laws, how does the fight against abortion look like in the U.S., Canada and in Israel?
In the USA abortion is permitted up to birth. Canada has no legal restrictions in the law. In Israel it is legal to go for abortion with the consent of a commission only in cases of rape, incest and fetal impairment. Due to increased likelihood of children with Down‘s syndrome from older mothers, women over 40 years can also go for an abortion...
Is CBR against artificial insemination of women?
Yes, it requires hormonal ovarian hyperstimulation resulting in an increased risk of ovarian cancer. Those artificially conceived embryos, which are not strong enough, or genetically undesired, are thrown out within so-called embryo reduction, which is a common practice also in Slovakia. Fortunately in Slovakia, the so-called therapeutic cloning of embryos under the guise of research that causes the destruction of embryos is illegal. Also research on so-called surplus embryos that were not implanted into a woman after artificial fertilization is a criminal offense in Slovakia.
Where is it not criminal?
Human embryo research is legal in the U.S., Britain, Sweden, the Netherlands, Belgium, Japan, South Korea and Israel... In Britain, China and Korea, human therapeutic cloning is also legal, as above. In Britain it is legal to clone human-animal hybrids for potential therapy, which scientists now see more skeptically. However, strong voices in the US demand legalization of reproductive cloning “for extreme cases of infertility“, of course, all for profit margin. A few years ago before human reproductive cloning got banned in the UK some scientists offered it for ? 100,000. It triggered a huge public opposition, and so a compromise was reached-legalized cloning of human, who would after 14 days of life be slaughtered for use in research. This actually allows scientists to work on improving methods of cloning, which is not yet very advanced. Implantation of human clones into women will become legal in Britain. It is a matter of time, money and connections, which always work.
Hormonal hyperstimulation and ovarian cancer, what of that is known to young girls, women and parents in the UK?
We fight by raising awareness. People have no information, because it is purposefully withheld. As an example, hormonal contraceptives can kill a one-week embryo. With lawyers we prepared a draft of law, which would add to the Act on the woman’s awareness on abortion. We conducted a study and found that while such information is offered to pharmacist and doctor, the patient does not get even a hint about it in the package insert of the vast majority of contraceptives. As the hospitals today that refuse to perform abortions, so there are now in Slovakia pharmacies which do not sell these products. I hope that more professionals will exercise the reservation of conscience, which however is still not anchored in the law.
Do you fight against the pharmaceutical companies? How do you monitor the business behavior of gynecologists and vaccinations to already 13-year-old girls against cervical cancer? Does not such vaccination encourage appetite for free sex and contraceptives?
An example of this vaccine is excellent. Instead of explaining to young people that waiting with sex until marriage is the safest for heart and health of a girl, because no hormonal contraceptives or condom protect from the HPV virus that transmits by skin-to-skin contact and causes cervical cancer, they are recommended to use condoms and insanely expensive vaccination, which has its risks. I feel sick thinking how women are being maniputlated by the pharmaceutical industry, which aspires to maximise profit on female body.
The recently launched naprotechnology offers an alternative to artificial fertilization. Do you support it?
We were the first in Slovakia to write about this amazing and woman-friendly option in our newsletter. I learned about this method during my time in London. There I ran European lobbying against human cloning, which is possible only thanks to retrieved eggs from women after hormonal hyperstimulation of their ovaries. It is a dangerous procedure for the health and life of women (it may cause death), used also in IVF (in vitro fertilisation), it is ethically problematic for numerous reasons and achieves only 20 percent success rate. Naprotechnology helps couples conceive naturally, is percentage-wise as successful as IVF and contrary to the IVF it truly treats infertility. In fact, the majority of so called infertile couples are only subfertile (lower fertility).
Does it treat infertility? How?
I recommend that you visit site www.plodar.sk or www.naprotechnology.com
What do you think about aborficient effects of contraception?
Each hormonal contraception can kill a one-week old embryo.
Are your activities in Slovakia supported by the Catholic Church, or Christian churches? How do you communicate with them and coordinate common strategy?
CBR is independent also from the churches. Our signs Stop genocide were seen again this year by participants of the national pilgrimage in Levoca, annually visited by over five hundred thousand pilgrims. It‘s a great opportunity to educate Catholics, I mean clergy and lay people. From church leaders I expect that they would not allow politicians who advocate legal abortion, to present themselves as Catholics or Christians in good standing. We made a special bilboard with this motive for this occassion. While last year we handed out leaflets with factual arguments against abortion genocide, this year we prepared information about the Catholic Church‘s teaching on abortion and abortion ban. The Slovak population is dominated by schizophrenia: “I am against abortion, but let us not ban it. If I am against child abuse, I am logically for the prohibition of this violence.
Do you want the Slovak parliament to pass a law banning abortion completely, or identical with the Polish law?
We would welcome any tightening of the abortion ban, which will limit the “choice of women“. Everyone is entitled to natural death and not to be deprived of life by own mother. The ideal is that conceived children gain legal protection in fullness and for this a big change of thinking is needed, not only about life but also about sex, permanence of marriage, which is the most appropriate place for the child‘s conception and therefore for safe sex. Strong media antipropaganda however instills a view of these values and goes hand in hand with international pressure to legalize abortion in all countries. The strongest pressures are from the U.S., where the Supreme Court declared the “right to abortion“ until delivery, while killing the same human a moment later outside the mother is classified as a murder.
Poland has obtained an exception in the Lisbon Treaty and that the illegality of abortion will be decided in Poland and not in Brussels. Slovakia has not requested such an exemption. Any comments?
Before the vote on the Lisbon Treaty, I appealed to all parliament deputies and bishops to be aware of this fact. The Charter of Fundamental Rights, a part of the Lisbon Treaty, defines new human rights. There has been an endeavour of the United Nations and the International Planned Parenthood Federation to introduce into the international legal system the term “reproductive rights“, which includes by definition of the World Health Organization the “right to abortion.“ The Lisbon Treaty enables creation of new EU competencies, precisely maybe in the legislation which would require harmonization on abortion.
With which Slovak political parties and leaders do you communicate about bio-ethical reform in Slovakia? In the presidential election campaign, you call upon the Catholic bishops to ex-communicate Ms Iveta Radicova on abortion and others for abortion heresy. What reactions did you receive in response to your appeal?
I was contacted by a canon lawyer, who offered to prepare a submission under the canon law, on the basis of which politicians like Ms Radicova and others who defend legal abortion would be reprimanded and then punished by an interdict (denial of Sacraments). I submitted such a proposal on behalf of CBR, but archbishop Zvolensky ignored it. It is sad when hierarchy in the Catholic Church no longer adheres to its laws - whether for political or diplomatic reasons. There is clearly space also for mobilization of bishops. To be clear, the Catholic Church and other Christian churches teach, and speak also about solidarity with the poor, against the corruption or stealing are wrong. However, those who fight against corruption, are not automatically labelled Catholics. CBR is a secular organization, while working to protect the conceived children. Abortion advocates adopted tactics to label defenders of mothers and their children fundamentalists and religious fanatics. This is not about a religious issue, but whether we accept the scientific fact that life starts at conception and whether we still believe in the equality of all people. This, however, complicates the lifestyle for many when a baby comes unexpectadely. The Communist abortion law, which has for over 50 years claimed 1.4 million victims, deforms people’s conscience. They take abortion as a legitimate thing, and instead of helping woman to accept the child, they refuse to help her, because after all, she can resolve it legally without burdening them ... Such a law teaches selfishness and ruthlessness against women. No wonder that every fifth woman in Slovakia is a victim of domestic violence, when every fifth child in Slovakia is aborted. We are trying to explain to politicians the injustice of this law. Very few are still leaders today, most are populists who follow public opinion. Parallelly, therefore, we work on changing public opinion about abortion and abortion law.
Do you communicate with Mrs. Radičová, have you met her in person? Have you asked her to reconsider views on abortion amendment to the Act, which came into force in 2009?
We have not met yet in person, although certainly she could not overlook our display at SDKU pre-election meetings where we were alongside at least seven times. Many of her colleagues had the courage to come look, but she avoids the topic of abortion. This is understandable since the presidential campaign she burned herself out on this topic. She received our response on her remarks since during the presidential TV campaigning she twisted statements of Pope John Paul II. She made him into an advocate of gay marriage and legal abortion. No one from the ranks of the Catholic Church reacted to this so I was surprised. Even in the past, our lobbist sent letters to all Parliament members, including the arguments against the abortion legalization.
Do you work with KDH, SMK, with SDKÚ and SNS, thus the parties which claim being in favour of traditional values and healthy family politics. How do you perceive interest in your campaign?
Over a year ago we started doing active lobbying in paliament and monitoring the attitudes of members on issues that relate to the protection of unborn life. Feminist and lesbian circles organized an international pressure on parliament to prevent the enforcement of a law on greater awareness for women about abortion. We communicated in person with parliamentarians and were able to rebut the twisted information given them by these circles.
Diamonds of History
The town of Levoča and the work of Master Paul are registered in the List of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage UNESCO.
Photo: the author
The town of Levoča, at present the town historical reserve, was established after plundering the region by Tatars in the middle of the 13th century. Soon, it became a significant town of the Spiš ethnic. From 1271, it was the administration centre of self- government of 24 Spiš towns. Wealth of the town can be proved by historical gothic and renaissance buildings. Levoča, was the cultural centre of reformation in Slovakia. From 1624, the Print operated in the town. Decline of the town happened during the anti- Habsburg uprising in the 17th century. In the 1840s, it was the centre of the Slovak national movement of Štúr´s generation. It was the place where the Slovak part of the anthem “Nad Tatrou sa blýska” was first played.
The centre of old Levoča has a shape of the rectangle square. Thurzo´s House, built in renaissance style, got a new renaissance of graphite façade in the year 1904. In the middle of the square, there is Roman- Catholic parish St James´s Church in the 14th century which belongs to the most outstanding sacral buildings in Slovakia. A high narrow church tower dating back to the first half 19th century is the most visible sight of the town silhouette. Nearby the parish church, there is a building of a former Levoča town hall with arcades that was built after a fire in 1550. It belongs to the top secular renaissance constructions in Slovakia.
In the square there is a so-called the Cage of Shame dating to the 16th century which was used for public punishment. The central square is rimmed by over 50 magnificent houses of commons and patricians´ houses named after the original owners. Almost 1.8 million visitors, including religious people come to a famous pilgrimage place – Marianska hora.
St James’s Church in Levoča
It belongs to the biggest gothic churches in Slovakia. It is a vivid church and has been used by churchgoers for holly masses every day for over 700 years as a parish church of a former free royal town of Levoča. The church and the interior equipment has been a national cultural sight since 1965. It has a rich history and it a treasury of many pieces of art. The church is sacred to St James, the oldest disciple, protector of fighters, pilgrims and workmen who has been worshipped by the entire Central Europe. His celebration is held on 25 July. In the past, on that day, huge annual open air markets used to take place in Levoča.
Apart from the gothic altar, works by Ján Szilassy- a monstrance, caliches and other worshipping relics decorated by enamel and embossed by ornaments, decorated by precious stones and Czech garnet from the second half of the 18th century are praised, too.
The church has three bays with a huge sanctuary. It was built in the last quarter of the 14th century. In 1392, the chapel of St George was attached to it on the north side. Over the following centuries, the north and south entrances were constructed. Both entrances have richly decorated portals with many plastic ornaments. The west side had an entrance beneath the tower, which was bricked by Vladislav Jagiellon when seats for town council were built on the west side. In front of the seats, there was a choir constructed with star vaults, a handrail and beautiful circle ornaments. The church was last rebuilt in the 16th century when a bibliotheca , which is one of the first renaissance buildings in Levoča, was built above St George Chapel on the north side of the church between the year 1520 and 1540. The present tower was constructed later. The original tower had been destroyed by a few fires so the citizens of Levoča built a new tower that was finished in the year 1858. The interior of the church deserves great attention - mainly the gothic altars, the Altar of Virgin Mary of the Snow, St Peter and Paul’s Altar, the Altar of John Corvine, i.e. Vir Dolorum, St Anna’s and St Catherine’s Altar, the Altar of Nativity, wooden senators´ aisles, a metal baptistery, holly mass decorations, cups, monstrance and gothic wall paintings.
Late - Gothic St James Altar
It was built from lime wood between the years 1507 and 1517. This artistic masterpiece is also the highest gothic altar in the world (18.62 meters). Its author is Master Paul from Levoča, one of the most significant medieval carvers and masters. Although the altar is sacred to the patron of the town and church, i.e. St James the Apostle, the altar is actually dedicated to apostles. Painting part is said to be done by Master Hans. The wing altar consists of a division part on which there is a painting of the Last Supper and an above part. In the middle there is a cupboard with the statues of Mary Virgin, St James and Saint John the Evangelist, on the wings there are reliefs with pictures from apostles’ lives. On the back parts, there are eight paintings of Passion cycle according to the models by L. Cranach and H.L: Schäufalein. They present the example of Gethsemane Garden and Judas betrayal, Whisking, Coronation by thorns both in front of Pilate’s court, Crucifixion and resurrection. The author of the altar is dedicated to a cultural festival-Saint Paul’s Days which are held every year during summer months.
It is almost incredible that such a master piece made of combustible and by woodworms easily damageable wood, has survived over five hundred years, although it was often endangered by wars and uprisings and woodworms seriously damaged it. It would have fallen down if it had not been restored after the World War II. This responsible and honouring work was carried out by four brothers František, Herman, Karol and Jozef Kotrba with their team between the years 1952 and 1954.
After dismantling of the altar, they got rid of woodworms, they preserved the altar using a liquid containing rosin. They removed painting made over the original ones, restored the whole altar and mantled it again. It was the first time when the altar was dismantled after the altar was constructed.
Blue Peak waiting for Slovaks
Ján Čarnogurský and his friends reached the summit of the highest peak of Matra in order to establish a new Slovak tradition of honouring this cultural, historical and national symbol of Slovak people
Photo: the author
The Carpathian Mountains of Mátra in Hungary is one of the three national symbols of Slovak people and of the former Upper Hungary, i.e. Slovak country which is the part of current Slovak and Hungarian state coat of arms. Together with the mountains of Tatras and Fatra they formed a three-peak range of mountains on the top of which a silver Byzantine double cross elevates symbolizing the Christian tradition of St Cyril and Methodius
A double –cross on the top of three hills is an old symbol of Slovak national and cultural identity. Its strength is based not only on spiritual unification among Slovaks in Slovakia and abroad but also the feeling of connection with predecessors who lived and developed not just Great Moravia and its traditions but also its successional kingdom- the Hungarian Kingdom.
In case of Matra, it is even truer because according to the Peace Treaty of Trianon signed on June 4, 1920; this area definitely split from Slovakia (historical Upper Hungarian Kingdom) and became the part of Hungary. In February 1919, The Supreme Military Council of the Peace Conference held in Paris within the solution of preliminary borders between Czechoslovakia and Hungary, chose a new demarcation line according to which not only Matra but also the Bükk Mountains, the towns of Miskolc and Sárospatak were supposed to be parts of Slovakia...
The history of disintegration of a multinational and Christian Austro- Hungarian monarchy and establishment of successional states significantly proved that no international dictate of war winners is fair. And not even to losers but neither to allies of winners. Ninety years ago, a new Czechoslovak and Hungarian border “ in the north from the river Danube“ split not only the Hungarian nation but also Slovak nation and not only Hungarian but also Slovak minorities and communities.
Compared to a Hungarian minority in Slovakia, in case of Slovaks who had lived in the valley or at Matra mountains for ninety years, since the disintegration of the monarchy, only torsos and symbolic open air village museums of their culture, language and way of life have remained. Paradoxically, not Hungarians but Slovaks in the north of Hungary were punished by “Slovak Trianon“ although Slovaks did not make a decision themselves but the Czech and French did.
Currently, we have only brief pieces of information about them and we know hardly anything about them. And what is even more disappointing, is the fact that Slovakia has almost forgotten about Slovak Matra.
The highest peak in Hungary
And what is Matra like at present? Hungarians called it Mátra. It is the highest range of mountains in Hungary, natural reserve (long 40 kilometres, wide 13 kilometres); it is the centre of tourism, skiing, and spa and country tourism. In one of its villages, there have been Catholic Holly Mary’s pilgrimages held since the 13th century which heals many affections of body (on 15 August and 8 September). Since 2008, common meetings of Slovak and Hungarian Catholics, bishops, monks, nuns and pilgrims have been held in June. They come within the Day of Common Prayers dedicated to Mary, Mother of God (the Patron of Slovakia and a lordess of Hungarians), they pray for Slovak and Hungarian reconciliation, forgiveness and spiritual unification.
How did Matra become a part of Slovak coat of arms?
I last visited Matra on June 4, 2010, on Sunday when in honour of the festival of St. Cyril and Methodius, I joined the climb to the summit of Kékestető (Blue Peak), the highest peak of Matra (1014m). This tour was organized by Ján Čarnogurský, a former Slovak prime minister and the former chairman of KDH: We met at the car park in Mátraház, which is only 15 kilometres from the town of Gyöngyös. There is an approximately three- kilometre long way both a path in the wood and an asphalt road leading to Kékestető.
“I would like to thank you all those who accepted my invitation and came to one of three summits of our state coat of arms. It is Kékestető because our predecessors had seen it like a blue peak; they viewed it like that, felt it and implemented it to our national coat of arms. And it has remained its part since then. We came here in order to tell ourselves that we will continue working and thinking with our country so that this peak remained the part of our national coat of arms,“ said Ján Čarnogurský to a group of 70 keens who had arrived from Bratislava (the members of Slovak-Russian Society) and mainly from Košice (the members of the Slovak National Institute and the Slovak National Party.). However, this tour had no political features, was not organized by a political party, it was Ján Čarnogurský’s personal and civil initiation. After finishing a short cultural program, which included Slovak anthem and national songs having been sung by a Košice choir called “Matičiarky“, the participants agreed on a next meeting on the top pf Kékestető next year in July in order to support a new tradition in Matra.
What is there on Kékestető?
The highest peak is oval and full of woods. On its highest point, there is a small stone pyramid with a sharp stone painted in colours of Hungarian tricolour. On the top of the hill, there is a tall telecommunication tower built, which is almost two hundred meters high, a view-tower and a café are parts of it as well.
Nearby, there is a restaurant, a few cottages and stylish cafés offering refreshment. On the north side, there is a ski lift and a skiing slope, which is 2,400 meters long with an altitude difference of 330 meters. When visibility is good, you can see not only Northern Medium mountains along the Hungarian Slovak border from this side of the mountain but also the panorama of the Tatras. The mountain villages of Galyatető, Mátraháza and Parád with a spa and tourist attractions in the distance of 40 kilometres - the castle and a village of Hollókő, Forgács’s Chateau in the town of Szécsény and a spa in Egerszalók are the most frequently visited places in Matra.
Matra is a national motivation
“Every nation has to preserve and develop its national symbols, its cultural and historical identity. When a nation loses them, it will disappear. Nowadays, as members of the European Union, we have a unique opportunity to develop our cultural consciousness and visit Matra. We always defended it when we fought Hungarians. The name “Bluish Blue Peak“ which was translated from Hungarian language (Kékestető) could only have been made up by Slovaks who used to live there as it used to be original Slovak territory. Our primary motivation is to get back to one of the symbols of our cultural identity and develop it in the future.
Three- hills became the part of Slovak historical and coat of arms of a wish, work and suffering of our predecessors, we bow in front of them in the sign of respect and in their honour, we organized this first Slovak gathering on the top of Blue Peak,“ said Ján Čarnogurský in the interview for the magazine Dimenzie.
The town of miracles and legends
Ludbreg is not only the Centre of the World but also a significant pilgrimage place which hides miraculous relics: a 600- hundred revelation Eucharist Holy Blood of Jesus Christ Many Slovaks and Czechs do not know it, however the Poles do.
Photo: the author
If you ever travel to Varaždín or Varaždinske Toplice (the spa), stop in a small town situated in the north- east of Croatia near the river Dráva. It is only 25 kilometres from Varaždín, where you can stay overnight at a magnificent hotel Turist. This town with three thousand and five hundred inhabitants n the region of Upper Podravina is located beneath the hills of Kalnice Hills that are decorated by vineyards and wine cellars offering high quality varietal wines (Graševina and Rizling rýnsky). Two times a year, it is visited by thousands of tourist.
Ludberg ´s Holly Sunday
The year was 1411. A priest was serving a holly mass at St.Cross Chapel in the medieval town fortress which has been a part of the castle belonging to Croatian - Hungarian branch of Batthyány family (until 1919) since the end of the 17th century. During the most important part of the liturgy, he doubted about the truth that after the Eucharistic change of bread and wine, he was holding the body of Jesus Christ in his hands and real blood in the cup. When he divided Holly Host into three parts, he saw real fresh blood in the cup. He got so scared that he quickly finished the holly mass, hid the cup behind the altar. After that he put the cup in the wall of the chapel. He was so afraid that he kept it secret for a very long time. He said it to his brethrens when he was dying. After revealing his secret, the chapel changed into a pilgrim’s place where people started going to Ludbreg not only to pray but to see that liquid that looks like real human´s blood.
Pope Julius II (1503 - 1513), during his pontificate, he had sent his legates to Ludbreg two times in order to investigate the whole event. Legates and nobles interviewed and asked many people who were heard and miraculously healed from many pains and physical sufferings when after any human abilities and hope for healing, and they made a will - in their wishes had given into mercy of Ludbreg’s Holly Blood of Jesus Christ. These stories and miracles are recorded in the book which has been written since 1512…
As soon as the Pope had seen these precious relics, he asked legates to bring it to Rome. Due to a long investigation and judging of miracle stories and healings, the Pope did not mange to complete the investigation. However, before his death, he had prepared the contents of the Pope bulla in which he allowed public worshipping of the relics. His successor, Pope Leo X, issued that bulla with his name on 12 April 1513 in which he recognized and approved miraculous revelation of Christ’s blood. During the ceremonial procession, he personally led these relics around Rome and then he brought it back to Ludbreg together with the bulla. Since then, this small town has been a significant pilgrimage and religious centre of Christians, the sacral place and the place where your sins are forgiven. And the last Sunday in August, it is a day of the biggest pilgrimages in Croatia.
The Centre of the World and the Island of Antipodes
On April 1st, Ludbreg celebrates the Centre of the World Day, which is celebrated every year on April 1st, a date taken from the records of the Pauline abbot Honorius on which, in 1141, Ludbrega was born in the town of Varaždinske Toplice. She was the daughter of the steward of the count‘s estate, and the events surrounding her life, according to the records, had discovered that Ludbreg is the centre of the world, and it is after her that the town was named. She became the patron of the town because, as the legend says, she banished Satan with a wooden crucifix into the earth with such force that, on the opposite side of the Earth Antipodravina exploded and only a tiny volcanic island, the Antipodes.
The Romans built a town on the site of today‘s Ludbreg, having observed its good geographical location. The town, Castrum Ioviu, had a complete infrastructure, sewage-system, forum and hot springs and has developed into a commercial and transport centre. Ludbreg was built on its foundations. It is from this era that the legend dates, saying that it is in this town where the earth‘s circles were imagined, on which the world‘s great cities lie.
This legend, believed by many in Ludbreg since antiquity, was confirmed by Dr. Erasmus Weddingen, a Swiss, a frequent visitor to the Restoration centre and a Ludbreg enthusiast, by pure chance. He was playing with a chart divider and a map, and taking Ludbreg as the centre, he made circles on it, noticing that on this imagined line there really were major cities located, not only in Croatia, but wider. The closest proof of this legend is the cities closest to us: Varaždin, Koprivnica, Čakovec and Varaždinske Toplice, located 20 km from Ludbreg.
By examining the latitudes and longitudes, Weddingen discovered that on the opposite side of Earth, the antipode to Ludbreg is the tiny South Pacific island Antipodes, near New Zealand…
Inspirations for sleeping Košice as well
Ptuj - Pure Energy
The partner of the project the European Capital of Culture 2012 would like to renew harmony among the elite, capital and art
Photo: the author
Ptuj, a town with twenty-five thousand inhabitants, in Lower Styria in the north- east of Slovenia is one of the five partner towns of the city Maribor involved in the project the European Capital of Culture 2012. It is the oldest Slovenian town, situated 27 kilometres from Maribor. Its reach history dates back to the Stone Age, it flourished most during the Roman Empire. Having been named as Poetovio, it was the essential base for the Roman Legion XIII Gemina in Pannonia. This name of the town comes from the times of Caesar Traianus who gave that village a status of a town and named it Colonia Ulpia Traiana Poetovio. In the year 69 AD, Vespasian was chosen to become a Caesar, he was an outstanding military strategist and a person who won and defeated the first Jewish uprising in the empire.
What attracted me to come to this small picturesque town near the Slovenian and Croatian border?
The vision and philosophy of the town involved in the significant European project. I wanted to meet Franco Mlakar, an entrepreneur, the main manager and coordinator of Ptuj´s project. As a manager for culture, he has been helping the town for 18 years, however, he does not ask for any reward. As he told me, this is his own way how to show his relationship to this town which he loves so much.
Mr Mlakar, the slogan of the entire project is “pure energy”. What does the town want to express by this slogan? Do you put the greatest emphasis on ecology and energy of tourism thanks to the thermal spa that attracts tourists?
No. What is the most important for our project is the change of people’s thinking. First of all, interpersonal relationships and the approach to the truth must be changed so that our town is able to solve its issues, have better future and is much better prepared for the 21st century from the global point of view. The truth and love are the greatest pure energy which we can “produce”. Our compass is the cultural and intellectual company Kibla from Maribor that made up this slogan.
What do you want to prove?
The only great truth-pure creative energy is a generator of the development of society and culture. Culture is the fastest developing industry in Europe; it influences economy as well as formation of new job opportunities. And that is why the common logo of the European Capital of Culture 2012 contains a turbine producing pure energy by which each town is symbolized.
Our project focuses on the interconnection of creativity and cultural heritage, education, research, development of computer skilfulness, cultural tourism, economy and ecology of pure energy. We would like to consolidate local identities, support European cultural cooperation, and reconstruct our cultural and industrial heritage, to build new tourist attractions and present coherence of the regions of east Slovenia.
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