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November/December 2011

What is the value of a journalist’s work?
Christians are damaged by totalitarian relativism
Fruit of nihilism and ethical relativism
Appearance of hatred against Christianity
Christiano- phobia criticized by the Pope
The CSCE Conference and the UN
Facts concerning discrimination of Christian
Freedom of Speech
Violation of collective rights of freedom of religion
Violation of the parents´ rights to bring up and educate their children
Offended Christians
Fight against religious symbols
Bells- noisy pollution
Diversion of some Lutheran Churches
Danish Shock
Subcarpathian Rus' Museum of Folk Architecture and Customs in Uzhhorod.
The place for your relaxation
Swimming pool and fitness
Multifunctional Sports Hall
Ambitions of the Hilton Hotel in Košice
We had to be tough (Part II)
Slovakia must grow up
Crisis of European Power
The Future of the Eurozone
He is ready for a fair legal action
Where do universities make mistakes?
Democracy or Israel?
Christmas as we do not know
American Day of Shame
Sculptures from metal and river stones
Modern Orthodoxy of Nikolaj Feďkovič
He wins thanks to his patience

Editorial
What is the value of a journalist’s work?
I must confess that I found it difficult to write this editorial. I do not feel like writing about provincial Slovak (Bratislava) politics again, neither about the situation in Slovakia before the election. I would rather not write about disappointment in Serbia whose pro- western government and pro- western president Boris Tadič did not receive in Brussels the status of a candidate country for the membership in the European Union. In spite of so much effort shown and promises given, it was clearly stated that for the USA and a part of the EU (mainly Germany, France and Great Britain) the strategic protectorate- a so- called already tunnelled Kosovo Republic- is more important than Serbia or Serbs in the north of this province. In addition, it appears that Brussels will not give Serbia a go in March 2012 either as the parliamentary election is approaching (probably in April) in which the defeat of Tadič´s Democratic Party and the victory of the oppositional Serbian Progress Party of Tomislav Nikolič is expected.
Neither do I want to write about a new Croatian government in which, social democrats are dominant but they form a coalition with the Croatian People's Party-Liberal Democrats and a regional party of Istria National Assembly, which has very fragile majority in the parliament and has to rely on the support of three Serbian MPs… Moreover, I would not like to write about the referendum about the integration of Croatia in the EU, which appears rather pathetic. In December, Brussels signed the integration agreement with the leaving government of J. Kosorova and now it is expected that poorly informed and disorientated Croatians will say “Yes” in this expensive referendum. In addition, shouldn’t it be the other way round? First, the referendum and then the agreement? What if Croatians say “No”? Will it influence someone in the European Council, the European Commission or in the European Parliament, in these kinds of democratic institutions, which are unable to explain or define Croatians closer or further future of the Union into which they want or are supposed to integrate?
I do not want to write about Slovenia where a surprising winner of the election- a central- left group Positive Slovenia that was formed just before the early election is forming the government. Zoran Jankovič, a Slovenian with a Serbian origin and a former popular mayor of Ljubljana, leads it. Soon after his victory, somehow, he initiated anti- Serbian moods in Slovenia, which later turned into nostalgia of old Yugoslavia…
Moreover, I really do not feel like writing about Victor Orbán and his naive attempts to deliberate Hungary from the influence of the international financial institutions, which are blackmailing Budapest threatening by going bankrupt, neither about his Hungarian way of hatred in Central Europe, which began to ignore the EU, and relies on the cooperation with the Russian Federation… In addition, I do not want to write about many irresponsible demagogues in the European Parliament who ask Prime Minister Putin to annul the results of the recent parliamentary election and announce a new election. Neither about those who support directed export of so- called Arab revolution to Russia… In addition, not even about those who do not respect and have doubts about Ukrainian independent justice and from Brussels make comments on “being guilty or not guilty and unfair resolutions” against former Prime Minister Julia Timošenko. In addition, not about those who, because of this resolution-blockaded long- expected signing an association agreement between the EU and Ukraine or about the IMF, which stopped paying loans to Ukraine just because Kiev refuses to decrease the state subsidies of gas for households.
Indeed, I do not want to write about the result of Polish and priorities of Danish presidency in the European Union, or about incapability of so- called European leaders to help the Euro zone and Europe to get out of not only financial but also mainly moral and cultural crisis.
Why don’t I feel like writing about all these issues? As I have a feeling that tired and apathic Slovakia is not showing a big interest in correct and serious information, commentaries, reports and interviews. Cheap tabloids and their investors successfully rule the media market. On the other hand, many Slovaks are becoming introverts, many are fed up and do not want to read or listen anything as they feel confused and chaotic having been flooded by so much information. Obviously, they are unable to distinguish what is the truth and what is the lie, whether almighty and cheap internet is right, a blogist without responsibility or a journalist who has to follow at least the law on press…
Slovak serious media face the crisis mainly lack of advertisements and nihilistic thinking of people who also destroy Slovak politics, economy, agriculture, education and schools or culture. In the field of media, advertising and marketing agencies are pushing the commercial prices so low that publishers are forced to accept agreements for dumping and under valuated prices. Nowadays, everyone just wants to survive in Slovakia and many at any expanses, although minimum or bartered. Private televisions and radios want to survive with their prices for advertising at the expense of dailies and weeklies, dailies and weeklies at the expense of monthlies… Printed media want to survive even at the price that newspapers and magazines will be produced with a loss and in the afternoon handed out free! However, how long will they be able to last? Many people think that it is important to pretend in this crisis, other claim that it is important not to lose (at least morally) and show mainly to Slovak political extra- league, firms and financial institutions, marketing departments, spokesman and creator of virtual reality and truth, measuring of watching TV programmes and reading of media that “we are still here, still breathing and would like to make an agreement.” The contents and quality of journalistic creation have already not been so important, only the price is. I personally, have been listening to it for a few years.
In addition, of course, the lowest price is the best- for advertisement, PR or a package, in which the discount and how many times the advertisement will repeated free only pay. Bigger and stronger always win because they can afford higher discounts and lower prices than those smaller and weaker. Nevertheless, how long for? Have you ever tried to buy bread, beer or cigarettes with a discount or so that you had them free every second day? Is it impossible? If so, why does it have to be possible in case of a magazine and at the expense of journalistic creation and journalist’s work? A high- quality report cannot be done in five minutes, after the press conference or in a café. You might write a better interview and a commentary. Surely, not a report from a different place or from abroad. Which reader has ever thought about how much time a journalist needed for their writing? How many times has he had to travel or how many kilometres to fly? That is why serious media cannot be sold in the morning and given away free in the afternoon so that the number of readers increased and decreased remittances at distributors.
In these present unusual and complicated conditions, we are trying to issue our and your magazine Dimenzie. At the end of the year 2011, the production of its issues was made more complicated due to the lasting crisis as well as always changing decisions of addressed partners and personalities (First, they agree, then they judge and finally, they stop communicating) and deteriorating payment discipline. You know that we are trying to issue an interesting and lively magazine, more demanding for journalistic work and genres, more demanding in terms of authorization and planning. That is why we are late with production and publishing. Sometimes, we are unable to influence terms and mentality of people, another time; we just cannot influence production process, which is interrupted by holidays, not objective excuses concerning crisis and lack of money. I feel sorry, we are unhappy about the situation, and we do apologize, indeed. We are trying to overcome this situation and find other solutions that would strengthen the financial independence of the magazine in deformed Slovak medial market. In our profession, it is all about people and money, intentions and goals as well as about “means people use”. We have chosen a way of independent and ethical journalism, which is probably more honest, harder and less commercial than tabloid gossips, speculations and sensations, trading with information and consequent political or economic blackmailing. Any political party, financial group, grants or subsidies do not support us. We are trying to achieve goals using our own power, abilities, high- quality work and contents of the magazine. We cannot influence selling culture of magazines, we are unable to force people commercially to buy or subscribe our magazine by offering various competitions and crosswords. We are different and thanks to you, dear readers, we have been in the market for 11 years.
That is why I think that not only Slovak politics has its two- legged or news gorillas. Some media and their financial background also have their gorillas. However, it is not mentioned anywhere and aloud. However, it is high time in Slovakia to show which media are really serious and independent and which just pretend to be like that.
Mgr. Róbert Matejovič, the editor- in-chief               
 
Personality
Christians are damaged by totalitarian relativism
“It results in generally spread Christian phobia (hatred against Christians) across Europe,” claims metropolitan Ilarion and a bishop of the Russian Orthodox Church of Moscow Patriarchy.”
 
Prepared by Dimenzie
Translated by Ján Šafin, a Dean of the Faculty of the Orthodox Theology of the University of Prešov
 
On December 7, 2011, René Matlovič, a rector of the University of Prešov, awarded Metropolitan of the Volokolamsky Ilarion (secular name Grigorij Valerievič Alfejev)- a bishop of the Russian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchy, a vicar bishop of the Patriarchy of Moscow and entire Russia, the member of the Holy Synod of the Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchy and the rector of the All Church aspiration and doctorate of theological colleges of Moscow Patriarchy, a title “ Doctor Honoris Causa”. During the ceremonial assembly of the scientific council of the university, Metropolitan Ilarion gave a very interesting and inspiring lecture with the topic: Christian reply to the challenge of totalitarian relativism, which deeply influences future of Christianity in Central Europe and in Slovakia.
 
Over many centuries, the term of liberty and man´s free will have attracted attention of many theologian as well as philosophers. A very long time ago, ancient philosophers such as Socrates, Plato and Aristotle had thought about this category viewing it from various aspects. Philosophy of freedom was a subject of research of such philosophers as Kant and Hegel, Schopenhauer and Nietzsche as well as Russian religious philosophers Vl. Solovjev, N. Berďajev and many others. New Era Philosophy that gave a go to belief in sense and giving up the faith and religion stayed at the beginning of new understanding of human freedom. This began to be researched in its secular dimension away from the connection to moral responsibility of an individual for carrying out their freedom.
 
Fruit of nihilism and ethical relativism
The New Era Philosophy, which had thrown away religious and moral understanding of freedom, in the 19th century opened the way towards nihilism: “There is no truth, no absolutism- there are not things about ourselves.” It is the only thing which is nihilism in its highest sense,” said Nietzsche. His absolute doctrine in any form became foundations of mass nihilism as well as nihilism of intellectual elite.
Present times of life of western society (to be more precise the second half of the 20th century), which culturologists called the era of post- modernism, became a respond to decline (depression) of value system of the new era: optimistic faith in the process and almightiness of sense replaced by disorientation and disappointment. The state of the ideological vacuum evokes particular inner discomfort and need of a man to fulfil this ideological emptiness.
Scepticism, nihilism, intellectual and everyday gloom has somehow become immanent features of a contemporary educated man of western civilization. Ethical relativism that has been strengthening wantonness of moral values, changeability of norms and standards of human dealings , their conditioning changing the world and life circumstances have become an indivisible element of post- modern era and its ideological platform. Secular processes, which have started in the new era, have got into a stage that in the contemporary life of an average European orientated in “the philosophy of needs”; God does not take a central place if he does any.
 
Appearance of hatred against Christianity
I would like to concentrate on what relativism is and if it is totalitarian. If it is possible to join pluralistic essence of relativism with an absolute imperative? Totalitarian character of current relativism is expressed by in its factual non- alternation in social life of Europe. This phenomenon is a result of resistance against traditional spiritual and moral bases of Christianity from the representatives of secular worldview.
Seven years and six months ago, I began one of my lectures with a thesis that the phenomenon of fighting secularism is wandering across Europe. Now we can state that this phenomenon has embodied itself in the same “totalitarian relativism” as it is a result of generally spread Christian phobia (hatred against Christianity) across the entire European space. I do not mean acting of individuals or societies that dictate intolerance against Christianity but also passing legal acts that obstruct possibilities of the church to do their mission in the society. Apologists of secular social model often claim that it is exaggeration of this issue. One of the most frequent obstacles is that it is not possible to discriminate majority and overall, Christianity in Europe remains the strongest religious community.
Obviously, minority groups are discriminated in the world. However, many will surely remember the case of Rocco Butilione, an Italian minister, who was not allowed to work in the European Commission due to his belonging to the Catholic Church and his conviction refusing termination of pregnancy and homosexuality from the point of view of a religious man.    
 
Christiano- phobia criticized by the Pope
Church hierarchs, politicians and socially active people in Europe more and more talk about the issue of Christianophobia. On 17 September 2010, Benedict XVI, a Roman Pope, during his meeting with British politicians, businessmen and representatives of the intellectual elite in the Westminster Abbey expressed his worries concerning increasing marginalization of religion, mainly Christianity, which has found its place in Europe: “There are people who claim that religion has to silence down or at least has to be eliminated to solely the private sphere. There are people who claim that it is necessary to eliminate public Christ’s birthday, being managed by doubtful arguments that it can be somehow disguised by the representatives of other religions or atheists. Moreover, there are also people, who paradoxically, fight against discrimination or they claim that Christians in their social life have to act against their conscience. It is sad witnessing of giving up rights of religious people taking freedom of conscience and freedom of religion as well as the right of religion at the place of the social sphere.”
The attempt of theoreticians and practicing of the European “totalitarian relativism” to push the religion out of the social life to doubled private sphere, discrimination of its representatives. It pushes it away from political and social processes, takes away their right to express themselves in terms of actual issues and rely on their spiritual and moral conviction. In his encyclical called Caritas in Veritate (2009), Pope Benedict XVI reminds the necessity to gain the “ status of citizenship” from Christian religion that can “… bring its deposit into development, just to find a social space for God in society: in the cultural, social, economic and obviously political spheres… Expulsion of religion from the social sphere including religious fundamentalism prevents people from meeting and cooperating in order to make a process in a mankind.”
Peter Smith, an archbishop of the Roman Catholic in Great Britain, proves that at present, religion is perceived just like a personal extravagancy that it has its right to exist once a week behind the closed door but has no opportunity to express in the social life or at work.
 
The CSCE Conference and the UN
In March 2009, in Vienna, there was a conference on discrimination of Christianity that is organized by the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe and where approximately 100 experts and representatives of governments of the European countries. In the final press report, it is stated that intolerance and discrimination concerning Christianity had found its place anywhere in the European space resulting in the attacks against religious people, destroying cult buildings and places of religious esteem as well as limited freedom of religion. Participants of the conference also recorded negative reflexion of Christianity and its values in mass media and political discourse what leads towards deceiving prejudices and stereotypes.
Expulsion of religion from the social life, supporters of “totalitarian relativism” are trying to get its operation of ideological platform in form of such explanation of the human rights that are exclusively connected wit moral responsibility. This finds its positive response in masses, as there is philosophy of consumption and utilitarian relationship to the surrounding world dominion. It is obvious that at present, the words by a teacher of the universal Church, Saint John Chrysostom who said in the 4th century: “We reversed order and evil has become stronger that we force our soul to be managed by desire of our bodies.” (Dispute 12 on the Book of Genesis)
God tells us that:” Then you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free… everyone who sins are a slave to sin. “(John 8:32). Freedom is not a final aim of a human being and his existence but it must be in correlation with responsibility of a man for his moral choice. It is connected with a source of absolute Truth- God, in the attempt of a man to “and put on the new self, who in the likeness of God has been created in righteousness and holiness of the truth. (Ephesians 4:24).
Misuse of freedom and its use just to satisfy own egoistic goals and desires, paralyses human will and takes its freedom away because freedom of spirit cannot be joined with the slavery of sin. Freedom as such is not important itself for a Christian but it is important to live in accordance with its religious traditions and more imperatives which authority is not steadfast...
At the level of the UN, there has been an attempt to research human rights through the prism of moral responsibility. On 24 March, the 16th Assembly of the UN regarding human rights passed the resolution on the support of human rights and basic freedoms thanks to more profound understanding of traditional values of mankind.” The resolution-strengthened actuality of the terms of traditional values in the international social and political dictionary, admitted that more profound perceiving of these values helps to support, and pursues human rights. The UN Council also mentioned “the importance of the family, community and society and educational and training institutions when strengthening and handing out traditional values,” appealing to all the state to “strengthen this task by the way of accepting particular positive changes.”
 
Facts concerning discrimination of Christian
Looking back at the theme of discrimination of Christian by the representatives of aggressive secularism, I would like to submit a few facts about hostile relationship against Christians in Europe. They are based on the research of the Observatory of Intolerance and Discrimination against Christians, a non- commercial organization registered in Austria. Mentioned examples are qualified according to the principle of humiliating basic human rights. Interruption of         freedom of conscience- this right supposes a man to be given a possibility to live in accordance with the requirement of their faith, which is the core of their lives. Limiting or disabling a man to carry out their right for freedom even giving arguments to protect rights of other people, it is being destroyed itself and dignity of a man is lowered.
Christians in Europe regularly face the obstructions due to their position regarding abortion and euthanasia. To pursue a law on killing unborn children and ill people who cannot be cured, is just necessary to reason by using particular excuses (protection of the rights of women to give or not to give a birth to a child, enable ill people to suffer less) but also take away the right to express themselves to these topics in the context of moral religious imperatives. For example in October 2010, Kristina McCafferty, a former member of the British parliament, asks to recommend to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe to limit the right for freedom of doctors´ conscience concerning the termination of pregnancy. Fortunately, in one of its recent recommendations, it strengthened the right of doctors´ to refuse participation in such operations based on their conscience.
Analogical repressions and resistance have their place when Christians try to act according to their religious conviction regarding so-called “marriages of people of the same sex.” In November 2008, Fernando Calamita, a Spanish judge of a Family Court, was disqualified for 18 years as he prolonged the process of adoption of a small girl by a couple of the same sex    as he referred to the freedom of conscience. In March 2010, the Supreme Court in Great Britain refused the appellation of Lillian Ladal, who had been responsible, as she had refused to register the marriage of two people of the same sex relying on the freedom of conscience.
 
Freedom of Speech
Freedom of Speech is one of the basic rights of the democratic society. The freedom of speech is understood as the right to express things that might not be popular or do not have to be in accordance with the actual political conjuncture. This right also includes an opportunity to people to express to any issues based on their faith and conviction and it is the only natural prolongation of freedom of conscience. For Christians it is a matter of faith as ordered by Jesus Christ himself: “Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20 and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you.”    (Mt 28: 19-20)
Because “…Consequently, faith comes from hearing the message, and the message is heard through the word about Christ (Romans 10:17) “so that the legacy of the Evangelism it is not possible for a man without carrying out his right for the freedom of speech. Christ’s apostles spread His Teaching across the earth: “Their voice has gone out into all the earth, their words to the ends of the world (Romans 10:18)”.
In addition, what do we come across in Europe? I will state a few examples. In July 2010, the Spanish court fined a Christian channel by the sum of 100 thousand Euros for broadcasting commercials that advertised a traditional family and a counterbalance of homosexual relationships. In May 2010, Dale McAlpineo, a street preacher, was arrested as he was telling people passing by that homosexual relationships are a sin. In March 2010, an analogical case happened with another missionary in Glasgow who was arrested and fined 1,000 pounds sterling. As it was stated in the resolution of the court, he had violated the laws by “homophobic expressions multiplied by religious prejudices.”
 
Violation of collective rights of freedom of religion
The collective dimension of the religious freedom is understood as an esteem of religious institutions as such and preservation of their managing autonomy. Increasing disrespect to them leads to the pressure and involvement into the Church matters from the state and social institution sides. The entire matter leads to committing a crime regarding religious people and attempts to make activities of religious groups illegal. In April 2009, the Belgian federal parliament passed by majority of votes two resolutions that formally condemn the Pope Benedict XVI for his statement that spreading the contraception will not automatically stop spreading AIDS. The position of the Roman Pope was evaluated as “a crime against mankind.”
In February 2008, Hereford Anthony Priddis, an Anglican bishop, was given a penalty of 7,000 pounds and he was sent to a training course about “the equal possibilities” as he had refused to hire practising homosexual to work with youth.
 
Violation of the parents´ rights to bring up and educate their children
There has been a course of sexual education for younger children (between the age of 11 and 15) in many European countries for a few years. Within this course, children are presented opinions on relationships of sexes that are in contradiction to religious and moral convictions. For example, in September 2008, the Austrian government strengthened the directive about sexual education of children so that parents can hardly rely on the traditional Christian values. These directives were spread to the classes with religious education. In February 2010, there was a law passed in Great Britain that binds both religious and secular schools provide information about homosexual relationships, contraception and abortion including information where they can get contraception and where have termination of pregnancy done. Catholic and Anglican schools are obliged to characterize abortion, contraception, “civil cohabitation” and homosexual relationships as “normal and safe”. However, Christians are trying to fight against such propagation, starting from appealing to the court to the direct blockade of educational institutions; but obviously, they do not have enough power to fight state bureaucratic machinery.
“ Totalitarian relativism” responds in a very cruel way to the attempts of the citizens to defend their rights¸ for example in Germany in February 2010, a mother of eight children was sent to prison as she had refused to send her nine- year old son to school due to the sexual education… “Is it right to listen to you in front of God more than listen to God?"  (Sk 4, 19) - these are the words of the Holy Bible that it is possible to answer the attempts to force Christians into a religious view on a man, family and force them in violating God Commandments, pretending that they defend human rights.
 
 Offended Christians
 Facts of intolerance against Christianity are nowadays, in Europe are extraordinary spread and representing their mass communication means that create negative image of Christianity, spreading lies and unhidden offends and blasphemy. Numerous cases of offends of Christians were recorded by the Observatory of Tolerance and Discrimination against Christians in many countries in West Europe. Many participants and presenters of various talk- shows on TV and the radio commit blasphemy. For example, January 2010, Imré Para- Kovacs, a journalist, in a very popular Hungarian talk show declared that “a life of a child can be ruined by two things: pornography and Christianity.” This as well as the manifestation of sexual minorities (so called gay parades) do not hesitate and directly damage religious symbols. For example, in May 2009, the Association of Gays and Lesbians in Germany organized an anti- Christian demonstration in Marburg where they were protesting against the psychological congress where the issues of pathological sexual orientation were being researched. Demonstrating people drew a cross with a crucified pig on the door of the university, they handed out posters with titles- We are here to smear you, Religion can be healed.
Neither representatives of art are behind this general current trends. In Europe, now and then, there are cultural events held with open humiliation of religious symbols. Top representatives of post- modern society could have joined them with “masterpieces” such as a picture of Madonna with Hitler- baby in her arms as it was exhibited in Salem in October 2010. Alternatively, a statue that depicts Christ with a racquet in his hands showing the direction to the soldiers of the Third Empire that was exhibited in the gallery Ferran Cano in Madrid.
 
Fight against religious symbols
Freedom of self- expressing wins, supporters of present art are thrilled, and protests of religious people are being ignored. Between the years 2005 and 2006, restlessness appeared across Europe, the countries of Muslim orient and Africa because of one caricature of a founder of Islam in a Danish newspaper. Thousands of Muslims went to protest. There were many attacks on the diplomatic representatives of Denmark and other west European countries, which were caused by representatives of Islam. The Authors of caricatures are still hiding being endangered by revenge. The result is that it is possible to mock Christian symbols in so-called Christian Europe without punishment and no crowds of people will protest and ask for responsibility of so- called people fighting for their self- expression.
It is worth mentioning such demonstration of “totalitarian relativism” as it is a struggle against religious symbols. The most significant is an example of the European dimension- it is the case of Lautsi against Italy, investigation that was held between the years 2002 and 2010. Soile Lautsi, an Italian citizen of a Finnish origin, asked the European Court for the Human Rights for help and insisted on the fact that the presence of the crucifix at school as it violates the norms of the European convention about human rights. On November 3, 2006, this court passed the resolution, which proves that a crucifix at state schools limits religious freedom. “Binding presence of symbols of particular confession in buildings used by state institutions, particularly at schools, classrooms, obstructs rights of parents to bring up people according to their conviction and also places limits to the right of children to be or not to be religious.” As it is known, Italy took a legal action against this resolution through the Great Senate and repeated legal actions were held in Strasbourg on 30 June 2010. There were the participants of the third side that acted collectively: 33 members of the European Parliament, international and national non- governmental organizations from Greece, Italy, Germany and France, the governments of the members of the Council of Europe: from Armenia, Bulgaria, Greece, Russia, Lithuania, Malta, Monaco and San Marino.
The resolution of the great senate changed the previous resolution that cannot be appealed to. In spite of that, the case of Lautsi is of a great importance as it concerns principles of Christian symbolism not only in the Italian schools but also in entire Europe. The conflict concerning future religious and cultural independence of Europe, thus, have become more opened, the struggle between the attitude of supporters of full secularization and supporters of traditional Christian identity is becoming more resistant and sharper.          
 
Bells- noisy pollution
There have been a few “noise cases” recorded that are connected with the struggle about the religious symbols in Europe. For example, in Greece, in January 2008, an orthodox priest was sentenced to spend seventy days in prison (probation putting off of his punishment) because inhabitants of surrounding houses complained that he had rung the church bell too strong and for a long time … A Greek ombudsman declared that the issue of a church bell was serious and that “it leads to noise pollution and lowering the standard of living in the area as well as the bell endangered citizens´ health.”
Meanwhile, he asked the Greek government to pass the law, which would regulate the use of church bells. It is rather surprising as Russia and Greece are considered as the bastions of Christianity in Europe (Many in Russia remember the report about a few thousand demonstrations in the year 2000, in which participants protested against the Greek government that cancelled the line saying “religion” in people’s ID cards.
In terms of this contrast, I remembered one analogy with a post- revolutionary Russia in the 20th century when one of the first acts of a new Bolshevik government was general destruction of bells. At that time, Bolshevism hated anything what was connected with Christianity, they persecuted religious people and pursued their irrational hatred to “bronze preachers” so popular among the Russian nation. The attack against religious self- identification is carried out at the level of “a dress code”. In October 2006, the highest representatives of the airline company British Airways put a pressure on Nadia Eweida, a colleague in this company, to take off a Christian crucifix off her necklace claiming that she was breaking a corporate dress code. She appealed to various judicial institutions including her appellation to the Supreme Court of Great Britain, however, with no success and she lost her case.
 
Diversion of some Lutheran Churches
We regret to say that our dialogue with some protestant communities finds less and less common points and in the struggle for the Christians´ rights, we find fewer and fewer allies. While in the past decades, there were discussions held concerning the issues of theology and church organization, at present, judging of the issues lowered to the level of all Christian’s obvious moral evangelic axioms. I feel sorry to say that strengthening diversion in such fundamental aspects such as perception of the sacrament of the family and marriage, condemnation of partnerships of the same sex, unacceptability of people who practice not natural contacts to become bishops and priests. This is directly connected with the pressure of totalitarian relativism on the church communities which are forced to become either “politically incorrect “and thus lose various privileges or accept new rules of the game.
Destruction of moral imperatives is also connected with desire of some Christian denominations to attract more new members, making religion suitable and comfortable. However, the policy of abnormal tolerance to people’s vices by decreasing the level of morality has not reached it goal- new members have not appeared and these communities can be hardly called Christian ones.
In June 2011, His Eminency Kiril, a Patriarch of Moscow and entire Russia, expressed his ideas about the issue mentioned above at the Assembly of the European Council of Religious Leaders. It dealt with the theme of the human rights and traditional values in Europe: “There are basic values in people’s lives that must remain unchangeable at least from the religious point of view. This idea cannot be submitted to people who so not believe but at least in the religious community, we have to preserve the idea of unchangeability of moral values because as I said this is the base the European rights and culture are based on.”
 
Danish Shock
In May and June 2011, the 15th Assembly of the Common Lutheran and Orthodox Church Commission was held in the town of Lutherstadt- Wittenberg (Germany). The representatives of the Orthodox churches expressed their disagreement with the tendencies of eliminating moral norms and traditional pillars in some Lutheranchurches. In November 2011, the media publicized the report that Danish homosexuals had been able to get married at churches for over six moths already, which was confirmed by the Danish ministry for church matters. A particular legal project will be submitted to the parliament to be investigated. “All members of the Danish Church of the Danish nation must have an opportunity to get married at church regardless their sexual orientation,” claims the declaration of the ministry. “We expect that the first church marriage will be carried out in summer next year,” announced Agard Petersen, an editor of the magazine of Danish protestant church. As it is known, Denmark became the first country of the world that legalized marriage of people of the same sex on October 1, 1989. Since the beginning of the year 1997, the Danish Lutheran Church blesses marriages of people of the same sex but there is no rite of crowning (during which a couple are put wreaths on their heads).
How are we supposed to observe such news that is radically against teaching of evangelism? I would like to mention the words from the Holly Bible: “For this people’s heart has become calloused; they hardly hear with their ears, and they have closed their eyes. Otherwise they might see with their eyes, hear with their ears, understand with their hearts and turn, and I would heal them.” (Mt 13: 15; Iz 6:10)
What are the perspectives of Christian reply to totalitarian relativism? They will depend on those, consolidating attempts which Christian Churches are able to do in order to safe their rights to remain Christians in all spheres of social life, to understand good and evil, virtues and sins as it is written in the Holly Bible and how to bring up our children in accordance with Christian faith and traditions.
If Europe gives up Christ, it will have no future as a firm moral base will be destroyed and thus any civilization will approach towards its decline and fall. In addition, the Holy Church has always proved this moral base.  
 
Photo report
Subcarpathian Rus' Museum of Folk Architecture and Customs in Uzhhorod.
 It represents heritage of wooden architecture of the era between the 17th century and the first half of the 20th century.
 
Investstory
The place for your relaxation
 
Alexandra Wellness Hotel near Liptovský Ján with a new sport and relax complex. Its pride is a 25- metre long swimming pool, a sports hall and a wellness centre.
 
Róbert Matejovič
Photo: the author, the archive of Alexandra Wellness Hotel, s.r.o.
 
PX: Just having been reconstructed, in December 2011, a three-star ALEXANDRA WELLNESS HOTEL was opened in the beautiful and quiet mountain area of Janska Valley, one of the most beautiful and longest valleys in the Low Tatras, situated near a local stream of Štiavnica and near the village of Liptovský Ján. It is a place conducive to explore the beautiful scenery. The hotel offers a unique combination of modern design and amenities, comfort and high quality services based on the requirements of various groups of people and their needs- families with children, seniors, romantic couples, and business travellers, organizers of team building activities as well as for recreational and professional sportspeople.
 
The reconstruction of an original Hotel AVENA PLUS and its extension of a new sport and relaxation complex began in October 2009 and lasted for two years. It required the total investment of a few million euros.
According to Andrea Drobná, an executive of the company Alexandra Wellness Hotel, s.r.o., it was a significant Central European Project which is expected to meet requirements of demanding customers as well as attract larger number of visitors to the hotel and the locality of Janska Valley. “Our project was significantly supported by the European Fund for Regional Development through the Operational Programme Competitiveness and Economic Growth with the amount of 5.048 million Euros. Without this help, we would not have been able to carry out the reconstruction of the hotel at such extent as we have managed to do. Our main goal is to improve and sustain what we have already built and created in accordance with agreed terms and conditions. We believe that this reconstruction with greatly participate in development of tourism in Slovakia as we have increased quality and range of services offered in Janska Valley,” emphasises Andrea Drobná.
 
Modern Accommodation
A key idea of the hotel complex is to create and provide guests with all available conditions so that the hotel became a place for relaxing and strengthening our health.
The complex offers accommodation with the capacity of 130 beds in modern and practically furnished double rooms, double deluxe rooms, family rooms, triple bedrooms, a suite and a suite Superior with a Jacuzzi). Comfortable mattresses, anti-allergic duvets and pillows, a safe, an LCD television sets, a minibar and a WiFi access to the Internet are in all hotel rooms.
Gastronomic specialities of Slovak and international cuisine are served in a pleasant atmosphere in the specious restaurant with a capacity of 130 seats. It includes a vinery with a wide range of wines from Slovakia and abroad.
On the other hand, a Lobby Bar is a suitable place to enjoy your cup of high- quality and delicious coffee, tea or home made strudels. For those who prefer to have a drink as well as do a sport activity, we offer a wide range of alcoholic and soft drinks in our Bowling Bar with two bowling tracks or a night bar offering entertainment and disco.
 
Wellness Centre
It is full of cosy and pleasant atmosphere. Indulge your body and soul, as there is a dry Finnish sauna, a salt inhalation, an herbal steam sauna, a cooling pool, a whirlpool, a waterway - foot massage, waterfalls, tepidarium, Scottish showers, tropical rain and a rest room. Professional staff is there to give you various kinds of massage and therapies- classical, reflexive, honey and chocolate massages, banking, aromatic and anti- cellulitis massage, massage with lava stones, peat and paraffin wraps, magnetherapy, Phyaction and dry carbon bath.  
” For our customers, we also prepared exclusive place where work can be joined by active relax, educational activity and presentation of firms. It is our air- conditioned congress hall with the capacity of 130 places and possibility to make a room dark and divide it into two separate rooms with the capacity of 65 seats. These places contain audio- visual equipment. For clients, we have prepared congress packets which can be modified based on the individual requirements,” says Ivan Matejka, a director of the hotel who is willing to show me round the whole hotel complex and adds: “Naturally, we have not forgotten our youngest visitors. While their parents can enjoy hospitability of our resorts, children can spend their time in a cosy playroom where they will find a slide, Lego and various toys. Older and fitter children can play billiard or table tennis and all these activities are with a view on the hotel swimming pool.”
 
Swimming pool and fitness
The multipurpose sport and relaxation part of the hotel is for professional and recreational sportspeople of all age categories. Its pride is a 25- metre long swimming pool with four lines and built-in stopwatch Omega and a possibility to make a record using two underwater video cameras in case of training analysis. The pool is equipped by a counter stream and in terms of Slovak hotels; it is the first and welcome news. A professionally equipped Fitness Centre in which you can test your limits and abilities, it is for sport clubs during their trainings. There is a Cardio centre with a wide choice of equipment DafePro and Concept, mainly for endurance exercises and strengthening cardio- vascular system. For sport teams, there is complete equipment for medical diagnostics available what enables people to evaluate the training process and adjust it according to individual needs.
 
Multifunctional Sports Hall
It is a dominant sport part of the hotel, which is connected by a corridor. It provides ideal conditions for sport trainings and camps. It meets international parameters for all kinds of ball games- mainly for futsal, volleyball, tennis, basketball and handball. It is equipped by a stopwatch, scoreboard, audiovisual equipment, place for media and illumination, which fulfils norms for particular kinds and character of activities between 300 and 750 lux.
The backstage of the sports hall consists of separate cloakrooms with sanitary equipment and lockers. It is also possible to organize social events like balls and various parties with the capacity of 400 people.
 
Stays
Due to the its focus and services, the management of the hotel prefers week and weekend stays. “As the hotel is placed in the mountains, we assume that our guests will spend at least two nights. Visitors can choose our recreational, relaxation or wellness stays which include accommodation, half- board or full board, admission to the pool and wellness centre, or massage or rehabilitation procedures. We also offer romantic stays which contain not only a romantic supper with candles but also special procedures for couples and the admission to the wellness centre,” explains Ivan Matejka.
During winter, the hotel ensures ski passes, transport of guests to surrounded skiing centres by ski buses or skiing kindergarten directly in the skiing centre Javorovica just a few meters from the hotel.
 
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