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Dimenzie No.4/2020

Belarus wants Lukashenko, not the West
Horný Šariš in the MAKOS network
The Spring of the Krupa River
Knight´s Ozalj
The Nazis were defeated mainly by Soviet citizens
New Pan-European Order
New Challenges for Romania
What are the strengths and weaknesses of Prime Minister Matovič?
Let's get psychologists out of school
Confession from behind the bars (Part VI)

Editorial
Belarus wants Lukashenko, not the West

Russia, China, but also, for example, Turkey, recognized the legitimate results of the Belarusian presidential election and congratulated Alexander Lukashenko on his victory. Their legitimacy was also confirmed by a monitoring group of observers from the Commonwealth of Independent States. On the contrary, the Office of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR), the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly and the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe have not sent observation missions. Nor the European Union did. They spoke about the C-19 coronavirus pandemic, or about a belated invitation, which "did not allow monitoring the process of registering candidates and setting up election commissions." In this context, it is interesting that none of the four registered opposition candidates, as well as none of the candidates who were not registered (did not meet the conditions, lacked valid signatures, had property irregularities) or resigned, did not call on voters to boycott the presidential election for violating laws in the registration of candidates and the formation of election commissions.

Neither the European Union nor any of its Member States or the European Parliament has called for a boycott of the elections. Until August 9, 2020, no one in Europe, overseas and in the rest of the world had spoken about whether they would recognize the results of the presidential election and the victory of Alexander Lukashenko or not. Meanwhile the election commissions were formed on June 24, 2020. 70,200 members were registered. Most of them were nominated by social organizations (33,734 members) and working groups (6,722). 25,355 members were also registered on the basis of an individual application. Eleven political parties nominated 4,389 members. Among them there were 212 members of the United Civic Party, which supported the opposition candidate Hanna Kanapacka, a former member of the Belarusian parliament. She didn't call for a boycott either.

"Simple and ordinary Belarusian" Mrs. Sviatlana Cichanovska, whose candidacy was registered by the Central Election Commission on May 20, 2020 (Lukashenko May 15, 2020) remained silent as well. Moreover, the candidacy of Hanna Kanapackaya, Serhei Cherachen, a chairman of the Belarusian Social Democratic Party, and activist Andrei Dzmitryev from the civic association Tell the Truth (Havary Pravdu)! No one has spoken aloud that these elections should be rigged, undemocratic and dishonest. It was not until the end of July 2020 that Sviatlana Cichanovská, a philologist and English language teacher, opened this topic schizophrenically. She recorded two of her TV appearances. Surprisingly in Russian and not in Belarusian language. At first, she claimed that she had become a candidate because her husband Serhei Cichanovsky, an opposition blogger and Youtuber, had been imprisoned. She wasn't telling the truth. She somehow forgot to say that on May 29, 2020, the ninth day after her candidacy was registered, she was in Grodno with her husband. In this city, where a large Polish minority lives, they have organized an opposition election rally. It ended with a battle with the police and the subsequent imprisonment of her husband and nine other activists from her election staff for attacking the police. This is how the relevant police report states it.

"The Power has to understand that we are the majority. The higher the turnout, the harder it will be to steal our vote. The higher the turnout, the more visible the falsification of the results, " Mrs. Cichanovská pointed out in her television speech. But she added that the elections "will not be free and fair." How did she know, why did she say it without presenting evidence and arguments to the public? And second, why did she not resign, but rather called on voters to vote for it, to become independent election observers, to wear white ribbons on their wrists ("Distribute them to see how many of us there are.") to registered on the Internet portal (Voice Platform) and thus defended their electoral vote? "This is how we can add up the real results of the vote," she said. And her only and main election program was the phrase about changing the system ("So that power is not in the hands of one person.") and organizing free and fair elections when the nation elects her a president of Belarus.

When the Central Election Commission announced the election results, she refused to recognize them. She declared herself the winner of the election and ran away to Lithuania, where she later named herself the leader of the Belarusian nation. She founded the so-called The National Coordinating Council, which has 70 members and which works closely with the so-called Council of the National Republic of Belarus. It was established as an executive body in Minsk in December 1917 by the First All-Belarusian Congress of Belarusian National Organizations, Regional Authorities and Belarusian Jewish political parties. After signing the Brest-Lithuanian Peace Treaty in March 1918 between Germany, which occupied Belarus, and Bolshevik Soviet Russia, the council declared the independence of the Belarusian National Republic, but Germany did not recognize it. It existed until January 1919, it was also recognized by Czechoslovakia. After the creation of the Belarusian Soviet Socialist Republic, the members of the council went into exile, where they still present themselves as the "government in exile of free and democratic Belarus." One of its symbols is the white-red-white tricolour, which is used in rallies and post-election demonstrations by Lukashenko's opponents and supporters of opposition groups.

This original tricolour (flag) was also used during the German occupation of Belarus in the World War II and after the declaration of state independence in 1991, when the Soviet Union disintegrated. It was used until 1995, when it was replaced by a modified flag of the former Belarusian Soviet Socialist Republic after the referendum. These days, Belarus has become a symbol of Lukashenko's supporters, demonstrations and marches for peace, united, stable and secure Belarus.

Although Sviatlana Cichanovská and the opposition are unable to provide any verified evidence of the rigged elections and her alleged victory. So far President Lukashenko and the whole of Belarus have faced attempts at a coup d'état, violent civil unrest and strong interference from abroad, especially from Lithuania, Poland, the Czech Republic, the USA and Germany. Interestingly, no one has yet questioned the high turnout (84%), which is in order and recognized, but it is questioned and protested against the victory of Alexander Lukashenko (80%) and the defeat of Mrs. Cichanovska (10%).

However, if we think logically, if the Belarusians really did not want to elect Mr Lukashenko, they would still not vote for him and would support other candidates who won only 15 percent in these elections. In such a case, it would be a clear plebiscite about Lukashenko and that he would have to leave the political scene for good. Instead, however, we were able to follow the course of "peaceful mass demonstrations", which in fact ended in attacks on police forces (OMON). When firecrackers, cannons and physical attacks by radical "protesters" did not help, car raids on police officers followed. Neither it is  talked  nor written about these attacks and about dozens of injured police officers in the West, in Slovakia, in the EU. It refers only to "brutal intervention and reprisals" against demonstrators. The fact that Belarusians rejected calls for a general strike, rejected various misinformation on social networks and the utopian opposition program of the National Coordinating Council, which would drag the state into chaos, economic and social crisis, is also hidden.

The experience with Ukraine and its "maidan for the EU and against Russia" is more than warning. The opposition demands Lukashenko's resignation and proposes that Belarus withdraw from all integration processes in which the Russian Federation is involved. And immediately and especially from the customs union. It also proposes that Russian television broadcasts to be banned in Belarus, that the only official and state language is Belarusian, and that Belarus seeks membership in NATO and the EU.

With this program, the Cichanovska´s Opposition Council ignores several national and state interests of the Republic of Belarus. For more than 20 years, he has been a member of a confederate state - the Union of Russia and Belarus with an organized unified political, economic, military, customs, monetary, judicial, humanitarian and cultural space. It is a member of the Eurasian Economic Union and the Commonwealth of Independent States. For many public and private companies, companies and farms, the Russian market is more than strategic.

In addition, Belarus is on a geopolitical battle between the US-EU tandem against Russia and China. Protesting Belarusians, business owners and employees have so far made it clear that they do not want and will not support the Ukrainian coup and chaos scenario, demand new presidential elections, support the unconstitutional and illegal creation of parallel power structures by the Cichanovska´s Opposition Council and her foreign tutors  neither the pressure of  the members of parliament and the integration of the state into the EU and NATO. From this point of view, therefore, the EU sanctions (Lithuania was the first to impose sanctions) are more or less ridiculous and theatrical. They unnecessarily damage and negate the EU's neighbourhood policy in its preferred Eastern Partnership project and will further deepen Belarusian distrust of the EU and the West. We, in Slovakia and in the EU, must realize that Belarus does not need the European Union. It has not even signed an association agreement with it. On the contrary, it has been developing two major projects for several years that can inspire and motivate us. The first of these is a project to develop the Belarusian-Chinese Great Stone Industrial Park near Minsk and to invest in state-of-the-art amino acid production. This is probably the largest Chinese investment in Europe within the Silk Road. The second project is an analogy of the American Silicon Valley - Belarusian High Technology Park, which was established in 2005 on the basis of the Decree of the President of Belarus (Lukashenko). It currently employs 886 companies from 67 countries (18 worldwide) that develop software products and provide IT services to clients that employ 63,000 people. Up to 91% of the products are exported abroad from the park. Most to Western Europe (49%), the USA (43%), Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States (5.3%). These exports amounted to more than $ 2 billion in 2019. And it brought more taxes to the state budget than the sectors run by the Ministries of Industry and Agriculture. Slovakia, which has supported the imposition of sanctions without debate in the parliament, can serve another example. In the first half of this year, 20,000 flats were built in Belarus. How many will stand in Slovakia this year, Mr. Boris Kollár, Speaker of the Slovak Parliament? Also 20,000? But in less than four years?
Róbert Matejović, editor-in-chief

Personality
Horný Šariš in the MAKOS network

"We prefer domestic food producers," says Stanislav Jančošek, Chairman of the Board of Directors, MAKOS, a.s. company.

Gallery
The Spring of the Krupa River

It is an ornament of a karst plain near the village of Semić in the popular Bela Krajina region of Slovenia.

Photoreport
Knight´s Ozalj

Its renaissance castle is owned by the Brethren of the Croatian Dragon. It recalls the cultural and historical heritage of the Frankopan and Zrinski families.

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